Illicit sexual relations with someone other than one’s marriage partner. In the OT adultery had a precise and limited definition: sexual relations between a married (or betrothed) woman and any man other than her husband. It was considered a most grievous transgression (Exod 20:14
; Deut 5:18
; Lev 18:20
), to be punished by the death of both parties (Deut 22:22-24
). In the NT period, it appears that the definition of adultery was extended in its scope, such that a husband could also be held responsible for committing adultery against his wife (Matt 5:32
; Mark 10:11
; Luke 16:18
). The sin of adultery is mentioned by various NT writers (Rom 13:9
; Gal 5:19
; Jas 2:11
). In both the OT and NT, adultery is used as a symbol for the unfaithfulness of people toward God (Hos 9:1
; Matt 12:39
14You shall not commit adultery.
18Neither shall you commit adultery.
20You shall not have sexual relations with your kinsman's wife, and defile yourself with her.
22If a man is caught lying with the wife of another man, both of them shall die, the man who lay with the woman as well as the woman. So you shall purge the evi ... View more
32But I say to you that anyone who divorces his wife, except on the ground of unchastity, causes her to commit adultery; and whoever marries a divorced woman co ... View more
11He said to them, “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery against her;
18“Anyone who divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery, and whoever marries a woman divorced from her husband commits adultery.
9The commandments, “You shall not commit adultery; You shall not murder; You shall not steal; You shall not covet”; and any other commandment, are summed up in ... View more
19Now the works of the flesh are obvious: fornication, impurity, licentiousness,
11For the one who said, “You shall not commit adultery,” also said, “You shall not murder.” Now if you do not commit adultery but if you murder, you have become ... View more
Punishment for Israel's Sin
1Do not rejoice, O Israel!
Do not exult as other nations do;
for you have played the whore, departing from your God.
You have loved ... View more
39But he answered them, “An evil and adulterous generation asks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah.