The mysterious power or presence of God in nature or with individuals and communities, inspiring or empowering them with qualities they would not otherwise possess. In the OT, three major emphases may be identified: the Holy Spirit as an agent in creation (Gen 1:2
; Ps 33:6
; Ezek 37:1-10
); the Holy Spirit as a source of inspiration and power for Israel’s leaders and prophets; and the Holy Spirit as God’s presence in the covenantal community (see esp. Ezek. 11:14–21). In the NT, a more diverse range of meaning is seen. It is the Spirit of God that endows Jesus with power as the Messiah (Matt 3:13-17
; Matt 12:28
) and empowers the church for its mission (Acts 2
). At a deeper level, the Holy Spirit comes to represent both the presence and activity of God and the continuing presence of Jesus Christ in the believer and in the church (Acts 2:33
; Gal 4:6
). This idea comes to fullest expression in (John 14
), where the Holy Spirit is described as an “Advocate” (Paraclete), or “Helper,” who represents both divine presence and guidance for the disciples.
2the earth was a formless void and darkness covered the face of the deep, while a wind from God swept over the face of the waters.
6By the word of the Lord the heavens were made,
and all their host by the breath of his mouth.
The Valley of Dry Bones
1The hand of the Lord came upon me, and he brought me out by the spirit of the Lord and set me down in the middle of a valley; it was fu ... View more
The Baptism of Jesus
13Then Jesus came from Galilee to John at the Jordan, to be baptized by him.14John would have prevented him, saying, “I need to be baptized ... View more
28But if it is by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come to you.
The Coming of the Holy Spirit
1When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place.2And suddenly from heaven there came a sound like the rus ... View more
33Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this that you both see ... View more
6And because you are children, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba! Father!”
Jesus the Way to the Father
1“Do not let your hearts be troubled. Believe in God, believe also in me.2In my Father's house there are many dwelling places. If it ... View more