justification

justification

The exculpation of guilt or the demonstration of the correctness of an act or statement. OT uses reflect the human desire to justify oneself (Job 32:2; Job 33:32; Isa 43:9) or show one is “in the right.” There is also concern for justifying the ways of God to human beings (Job 32:2; Ps 51:4). Early Jewish Christians confessed that Jesus was raised “for our justification” (Rom 4:25) and that we are “justified . . . in Christ Jesus . . . by his blood” (Rom 3:24-25). They further confessed that when Christ “was made to be sin” (perhaps a “sin offering,” 2Cor 5:21), it demonstrated God’s righteousness while at the same time showing that sinners are justified by faith in Jesus (Rom 3:26). Paul deepened this idea of justification through faith “apart from works prescribed by the law” (Rom 3:28) and applied it to non-Jews (Gal 3:8) as well as Jews (Rom 3:30) on the basis of Abraham’s experience (Rom 4).

Job 32:2

2Then Elihu son of Barachel the Buzite, of the family of Ram, became angry. He was angry at Job because he justified himself rather than God;

Job 33:32

32If you have anything to say, answer me;
speak, for I desire to justify you.

Isa 43:9

9Let all the nations gather together,
and let the peoples assemble.
Who among them declared this,
and foretold to us the former things?
Let them bring their wit ... View more

Job 32:2

2Then Elihu son of Barachel the Buzite, of the family of Ram, became angry. He was angry at Job because he justified himself rather than God;

Ps 51:4

4Against you, you alone, have I sinned,
and done what is evil in your sight,
so that you are justified in your sentence
and blameless when you pass judgment.

Rom 4:25

25who was handed over to death for our trespasses and was raised for our justification.

Rom 3:24-25

24they are now justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus,25whom God put forward as a sacrifice of atonement by his blood, ... View more

2Cor 5:21

21For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.

Rom 3:26

26it was to prove at the present time that he himself is righteous and that he justifies the one who has faith in Jesus.

Rom 3:28

28For we hold that a person is justified by faith apart from works prescribed by the law.

Gal 3:8

8And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, declared the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “All the Gentiles shall be bless ... View more

Rom 3:30

30since God is one; and he will justify the circumcised on the ground of faith and the uncircumcised through that same faith.

Rom 4

The Example of Abraham
1What then are we to say was gained by Abraham, our ancestor according to the flesh?2For if Abraham was justified by works, he has someth ... View more

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.