A place mentioned four times and a people mentioned three times in the biblical text. (Job 1:15) identifies the destroyers of Job’s family as Sabeans. Isaiah sees the Sabeans as one of several nations God gave as a ransom for Israel (Isa 43:3). They were also a source of wealth (Isa 45:14), together with Egypt and Ethiopia. In Joel 3:8 they are described as a “nation far away” in Joel’s threat that they will buy Phoenician and Philistine slaves from Judah. (Gen 10:7) catalogs Seba as a son of Cush, together with Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca, as does (1Chr 1:9). Kings from Seba were mentioned together with those of Sheba and Tarshish as bringing tribute and gifts (Ps 72:10) to Israel’s king. Their definition as a distant wealthy source of riches seems clear. Their precise location is not evident from biblical sources.
15and the Sabeans fell on them and carried them off, and killed the servants with the edge of the sword; I alone have escaped to tell you.”
3For I am the Lord your God,
the Holy One of Israel, your Savior.
I give Egypt as your ransom,
Ethiopia and Seba in exchange for you.
14Thus says the Lord:
The wealth of Egypt and the merchandise of Ethiopia,
and the Sabeans, tall of stature,
shall come over to you and be yours,
they shall fol ... View more
7The descendants of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. The descendants of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan.
9The descendants of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raama, and Sabteca. The descendants of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan.
10May the kings of Tarshish and of the isles
render him tribute,
may the kings of Sheba and Seba