Shamgar (Sham´gahr)

A mighty warrior in Israel in the premonarchical period. He was famed for killing a total of six hundred Philistines with an oxgoad (Judg 3:31). Bearing a non-Semitic name, he is identified as the “Anathite” (lit., “a son of [the goddess] Anath”). He was probably a mercenary who changed sides in the era of Deborah, collaborating with Jael (Judg 5:6-7) in disruption of caravan trade, to Israel’s great advantage.

Judg 3:31

31After him came Shamgar son of Anath, who killed six hundred of the Philistines with an oxgoad. He too delivered Israel.

Judg 5:6-7

6“In the days of Shamgar son of Anath,
in the days of Jael, caravans ceased
and travelers kept to the byways.7The peasantry prospered in Israel,
they grew fat o ... View more

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