sons of God, children of God

sons of God, children of God

Phrases with different meanings in the OT and NT. In the OT, the phrases denote superhuman, divine beings, such as the “sons of God” who unite with the “daughters of humans” to produce a race of giants in (Gen 6:1-4; Job 38:7; Ps 89:6). In (Job 1-2), “the satan” is one of the “sons of God” (Job 1:6; Job 2:1). In (Dan 3:25), the fourth figure in the furnace has an appearance like “a son of the gods.” In the NT, however, the phrases “sons of God” and “children of God” refer to human beings who have been brought into a right relationship with God through Jesus Christ (Gal 3:26; Rom 8:14; Rom 8:16; Rom 8:19; Rom 8:21). Thus, the two phrases came to mean what would later be expressed by the word “Christian” (John 1:12; Phil 2:15; Heb 12:7; 1John 3:1; 1John 5:2).

Gen 6:1-4

The Wickedness of Humankind
1When people began to multiply on the face of the ground, and daughters were born to them,2the sons of God saw that they were fair; ... View more

Job 38:7

7when the morning stars sang together
and all the heavenly beings shouted for joy?

Ps 89:6

6For who in the skies can be compared to the Lord?
Who among the heavenly beings is like the Lord,

Job 1-2

Job and His Family
1There was once a man in the land of Uz whose name was Job. That man was blameless and upright, one who feared God and turned away from evil. ... View more

Job 1:6

Attack on Job's Character
6One day the heavenly beings came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan also came among them.

Job 2:1

Attack on Job's Health
1One day the heavenly beings came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan also came among them to present himself before the Lor ... View more

Dan 3:25

25He replied, “But I see four men unbound, walking in the middle of the fire, and they are not hurt; and the fourth has the appearance of a god.”

Gal 3:26

26for in Christ Jesus you are all children of God through faith.

Rom 8:14

14For all who are led by the Spirit of God are children of God.

Rom 8:16

16it is that very Spirit bearing witness with our spirit that we are children of God,

Rom 8:19

19For the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the children of God;

Rom 8:21

21that the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to decay and will obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God.

John 1:12

12But to all who received him, who believed in his name, he gave power to become children of God,

Phil 2:15

15so that you may be blameless and innocent, children of God without blemish in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, in which you shine like stars in ... View more

Heb 12:7

7Endure trials for the sake of discipline. God is treating you as children; for what child is there whom a parent does not discipline?

1John 3:1

1See what love the Father has given us, that we should be called children of God; and that is what we are. The reason the world does not know us is that it did ... View more

1John 5:2

2By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God and obey his commandments.

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.