The star around which the earth orbits. The sun was recognized in the Bible as a beneficent source of light and heat (Deut 33:14) upon which all life depended, but its power to smite was also known and feared (Isa 49:10; Jas 1:11). Created and appointed by God to “rule over the day” (Ps 136:8), it marked the hours and seasons by its movements (Gen 1:14-16), and it marked directions by its rising and setting (Isa 45:6; Deut 11:30). It surveyed the whole earth from its heavenly course (Ps 19:6), marking all that occurred below as existence “under the sun” (Eccl 1:3; Eccl 1:9). It traversed its course like a runner (Ps 19:4-5) or as if drawn by horses and chariot (2Kgs 23:11). It was resplendent as a bridegroom (Ps 19:5), as enduring as the ages (Ps 72:17). The sun’s radiance and restorative power served as figures of God’s eschatological reign (Mal 4:2: “the sun . . . with healing in its wings”; Isa 30:26; cf. Rev 21:23), and divine intervention in history was signaled by miraculous changes in the sun’s course or appearance (darkening, Isa 13:10).

Deut 33:14

14with the choice fruits of the sun,
and the rich yield of the months;

Isa 49:10

10they shall not hunger or thirst,
neither scorching wind nor sun shall strike them down,
for he who has pity on them will lead them,
and by springs of water wi ... View more

Jas 1:11

11For the sun rises with its scorching heat and withers the field; its flower falls, and its beauty perishes. It is the same way with the rich; in the midst of ... View more

Ps 136:8

8the sun to rule over the day,
for his steadfast love endures forever;

Gen 1:14-16

14And God said, “Let there be lights in the dome of the sky to separate the day from the night; and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years ... View more

Isa 45:6

6so that they may know, from the rising of the sun
and from the west, that there is no one besides me;
I am the Lord, and there is no other.

Deut 11:30

30As you know, they are beyond the Jordan, some distance to the west, in the land of the Canaanites who live in the Arabah, opposite Gilgal, beside the oak of M ... View more

Ps 19:6

6Its rising is from the end of the heavens,
and its circuit to the end of them;
and nothing is hid from its heat.

Eccl 1:3

3What do people gain from all the toil
at which they toil under the sun?

Eccl 1:9

9What has been is what will be,
and what has been done is what will be done;
there is nothing new under the sun.

Ps 19:4-5

4yet their voice goes out through all the earth,
and their words to the end of the world.

In the heavens he has set a tent for the sun,5which comes out like a ... View more

2Kgs 23:11

11He removed the horses that the kings of Judah had dedicated to the sun, at the entrance to the house of the Lord, by the chamber of the eunuch Nathan-melech, ... View more

Ps 19:5

5which comes out like a bridegroom from his wedding canopy,
and like a strong man runs its course with joy.

Ps 72:17

17May his name endure forever,
his fame continue as long as the sun.
May all nations be blessed in him;
may they pronounce him happy.

Mal 4:2

2But for you who revere my name the sun of righteousness shall rise, with healing in its wings. You shall go out leaping like calves from the stall.

Isa 30:26

26Moreover the light of the moon will be like the light of the sun, and the light of the sun will be sevenfold, like the light of seven days, on the day when th ... View more

Rev 21:23

23And the city has no need of sun or moon to shine on it, for the glory of God is its light, and its lamp is the Lamb.

Isa 13:10

10For the stars of the heavens and their constellations
will not give their light;
the sun will be dark at its rising,
and the moon will not shed its light.

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