Tiglath-pileser

Tiglath-pileser (Tig´lath-pi-lee´zuhr)

III, the king of Assyria from 745 to 727 BCE, also known as Pul (2Kgs 15:19; 1Chr 5:26) and referred to as Tilgath-pilneser (1Chr 5:6; 1Chr 5:26; 2Chr 28:20). He reorganized and revitalized the Neo-Assyrian empire after decades of internal disintegration. Menahem of Israel bought the political support of Assyria for his illegitimate rule with “a thousand talents of silver” (2Kgs 15:19). A rebellion of Tyre, Aram-Damascus, and Israel against Assyria was crushed during three years of war, 734–732. Tiglath-pileser captured Galilee and Gilead, exiled their populace, and organized the areas as Assyrian provinces (2Kgs 15:29; 1Chr 5:26). He installed Hosea as vassal king of a greatly reduced Israel. Ahaz of Judah had refused to join this anti-Assyrian coalition and had to undertake the obligations of Assyrian vassaldom (2Kgs 16:5; 2Kgs 7-9:5) to protect himself from reprisals.

2Kgs 15:19

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1Chr 5:26

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1Chr 5:6

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1Chr 5:26

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2Chr 28:20

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2Kgs 15:19

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2Kgs 15:29

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1Chr 5:26

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2Kgs 16:5

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2Kgs 7-9:5

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