Ritual and Moral Holiness
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Speak to all the congregation of the people of Israel and say to them: You shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am holy.3You shall each revere your mother and father, and you shall keep my sabbaths: I am the Lord your God.4Do not turn to idols or make cast images for yourselves: I am the Lord your God.5When you offer a sacrifice of well-being to the Lord, offer it in such a way that it is acceptable on your behalf.6It shall be eaten on the same day you offer it, or on the next day; and anything left over until the third day shall be consumed in fire.7If it is eaten at all on the third day, it is an abomination; it will not be acceptable.8All who eat it shall be subject to punishment, because they have profaned what is holy to the Lord; and any such person shall be cut off from the people.9When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap to the very edges of your field, or gather the gleanings of your harvest.10You shall not strip your vineyard bare, or gather the fallen grapes of your vineyard; you shall leave them for the poor and the alien: I am the Lord your God.11You shall not steal; you shall not deal falsely; and you shall not lie to one another.12And you shall not swear falsely by my name, profaning the name of your God: I am the Lord.13You shall not defraud your neighbor; you shall not steal; and you shall not keep for yourself the wages of a laborer until morning.14You shall not revile the deaf or put a stumbling block before the blind; you shall fear your God: I am the Lord.15You shall not render an unjust judgment; you shall not be partial to the poor or defer to the great: with justice you shall judge your neighbor.16You shall not go around as a slanderer among your people, and you shall not profit by the blood of your neighbor: I am the Lord.17You shall not hate in your heart anyone of your kin; you shall reprove your neighbor, or you will incur guilt yourself.18You shall not take vengeance or bear a grudge against any of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the Lord.19You shall keep my statutes. You shall not let your animals breed with a different kind; you shall not sow your field with two kinds of seed; nor shall you put on a garment made of two different materials.20If a man has sexual relations with a woman who is a slave, designated for another man but not ransomed or given her freedom, an inquiry shall be held. They shall not be put to death, since she has not been freed;21but he shall bring a guilt offering for himself to the Lord, at the entrance of the tent of meeting, a ram as guilt offering.22And the priest shall make atonement for him with the ram of guilt offering before the Lord for his sin that he committed; and the sin he committed shall be forgiven him.23When you come into the land and plant all kinds of trees for food, then you shall regard their fruit as forbidden; three years it shall be forbidden to you, it must not be eaten.24In the fourth year all their fruit shall be set apart for rejoicing in the Lord.25But in the fifth year you may eat of their fruit, that their yield may be increased for you: I am the Lord your God.26You shall not eat anything with its blood. You shall not practice augury or witchcraft.27You shall not round off the hair on your temples or mar the edges of your beard.28You shall not make any gashes in your flesh for the dead or tattoo any marks upon you: I am the Lord.29Do not profane your daughter by making her a prostitute, that the land not become prostituted and full of depravity.30You shall keep my sabbaths and reverence my sanctuary: I am the Lord.31Do not turn to mediums or wizards; do not seek them out, to be defiled by them: I am the Lord your God.32You shall rise before the aged, and defer to the old; and you shall fear your God: I am the Lord.33When an alien resides with you in your land, you shall not oppress the alien.34The alien who resides with you shall be to you as the citizen among you; you shall love the alien as yourself, for you were aliens in the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.35You shall not cheat in measuring length, weight, or quantity.36You shall have honest balances, honest weights, an honest ephah, and an honest hin: I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt.37You shall keep all my statutes and all my ordinances, and observe them: I am the Lord.Chapter 20Penalties for Violations of Holiness
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Say further to the people of Israel:
Any of the people of Israel, or of the aliens who reside in Israel, who give any of their offspring to Molech shall be put to death; the people of the land shall stone them to death.3I myself will set my face against them, and will cut them off from the people, because they have given of their offspring to Molech, defiling my sanctuary and profaning my holy name.4And if the people of the land should ever close their eyes to them, when they give of their offspring to Molech, and do not put them to death,5I myself will set my face against them and against their family, and will cut them off from among their people, them and all who follow them in prostituting themselves to Molech.6If any turn to mediums and wizards, prostituting themselves to them, I will set my face against them, and will cut them off from the people.7Consecrate yourselves therefore, and be holy; for I am the Lord your God.8Keep my statutes, and observe them; I am the Lord; I sanctify you.9All who curse father or mother shall be put to death; having cursed father or mother, their blood is upon them.10If a man commits adultery with the wife of his neighbor, both the adulterer and the adulteress shall be put to death.11The man who lies with his father's wife has uncovered his father's nakedness; both of them shall be put to death; their blood is upon them.12If a man lies with his daughter-in-law, both of them shall be put to death; they have committed perversion, their blood is upon them.13If a man lies with a male as with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination; they shall be put to death; their blood is upon them.14If a man takes a wife and her mother also, it is depravity; they shall be burned to death, both he and they, that there may be no depravity among you.15If a man has sexual relations with an animal, he shall be put to death; and you shall kill the animal.16If a woman approaches any animal and has sexual relations with it, you shall kill the woman and the animal; they shall be put to death, their blood is upon them.17If a man takes his sister, a daughter of his father or a daughter of his mother, and sees her nakedness, and she sees his nakedness, it is a disgrace, and they shall be cut off in the sight of their people; he has uncovered his sister's nakedness, he shall be subject to punishment.18If a man lies with a woman having her sickness and uncovers her nakedness, he has laid bare her flow and she has laid bare her flow of blood; both of them shall be cut off from their people.19You shall not uncover the nakedness of your mother's sister or of your father's sister, for that is to lay bare one's own flesh; they shall be subject to punishment.20If a man lies with his uncle's wife, he has uncovered his uncle's nakedness; they shall be subject to punishment; they shall die childless.21If a man takes his brother's wife, it is impurity; he has uncovered his brother's nakedness; they shall be childless.22You shall keep all my statutes and all my ordinances, and observe them, so that the land to which I bring you to settle in may not vomit you out.23You shall not follow the practices of the nation that I am driving out before you. Because they did all these things, I abhorred them.24But I have said to you: You shall inherit their land, and I will give it to you to possess, a land flowing with milk and honey. I am the Lord your God; I have separated you from the peoples.25You shall therefore make a distinction between the clean animal and the unclean, and between the unclean bird and the clean; you shall not bring abomination on yourselves by animal or by bird or by anything with which the ground teems, which I have set apart for you to hold unclean.26You shall be holy to me; for I the Lord am holy, and I have separated you from the other peoples to be mine.27A man or a woman who is a medium or a wizard shall be put to death; they shall be stoned to death, their blood is upon them.Chapter 21The Holiness of Priests
1The Lord said to Moses: Speak to the priests, the sons of Aaron, and say to them:
No one shall defile himself for a dead person among his relatives,2except for his nearest kin: his mother, his father, his son, his daughter, his brother;3likewise, for a virgin sister, close to him because she has had no husband, he may defile himself for her.4But he shall not defile himself as a husband among his people and so profane himself.5They shall not make bald spots upon their heads, or shave off the edges of their beards, or make any gashes in their flesh.6They shall be holy to their God, and not profane the name of their God; for they offer the Lord's offerings by fire, the food of their God; therefore they shall be holy.7They shall not marry a prostitute or a woman who has been defiled; neither shall they marry a woman divorced from her husband. For they are holy to their God,8and you shall treat them as holy, since they offer the food of your God; they shall be holy to you, for I the Lord, I who sanctify you, am holy.9When the daughter of a priest profanes herself through prostitution, she profanes her father; she shall be burned to death.10The priest who is exalted above his fellows, on whose head the anointing oil has been poured and who has been consecrated to wear the vestments, shall not dishevel his hair, nor tear his vestments.11He shall not go where there is a dead body; he shall not defile himself even for his father or mother.12He shall not go outside the sanctuary and thus profane the sanctuary of his God; for the consecration of the anointing oil of his God is upon him: I am the Lord.13He shall marry only a woman who is a virgin.14A widow, or a divorced woman, or a woman who has been defiled, a prostitute, these he shall not marry. He shall marry a virgin of his own kin,15that he may not profane his offspring among his kin; for I am the Lord; I sanctify him.16The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:17Speak to Aaron and say: No one of your offspring throughout their generations who has a blemish may approach to offer the food of his God.18For no one who has a blemish shall draw near, one who is blind or lame, or one who has a mutilated face or a limb too long,19or one who has a broken foot or a broken hand,20or a hunchback, or a dwarf, or a man with a blemish in his eyes or an itching disease or scabs or crushed testicles.21No descendant of Aaron the priest who has a blemish shall come near to offer the Lord's offerings by fire; since he has a blemish, he shall not come near to offer the food of his God.22He may eat the food of his God, of the most holy as well as of the holy.23But he shall not come near the curtain or approach the altar, because he has a blemish, that he may not profane my sanctuaries; for I am the Lord; I sanctify them.24Thus Moses spoke to Aaron and to his sons and to all the people of Israel.Chapter 22The Use of Holy Offerings
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Direct Aaron and his sons to deal carefully with the sacred donations of the people of Israel, which they dedicate to me, so that they may not profane my holy name; I am the Lord.3Say to them: If anyone among all your offspring throughout your generations comes near the sacred donations, which the people of Israel dedicate to the Lord, while he is in a state of uncleanness, that person shall be cut off from my presence: I am the Lord.4No one of Aaron's offspring who has a leprous disease or suffers a discharge may eat of the sacred donations until he is clean. Whoever touches anything made unclean by a corpse or a man who has had an emission of semen,5and whoever touches any swarming thing by which he may be made unclean or any human being by whom he may be made unclean—whatever his uncleanness may be—6the person who touches any such shall be unclean until evening and shall not eat of the sacred donations unless he has washed his body in water.7When the sun sets he shall be clean; and afterward he may eat of the sacred donations, for they are his food.8That which died or was torn by wild animals he shall not eat, becoming unclean by it: I am the Lord.9They shall keep my charge, so that they may not incur guilt and die in the sanctuary for having profaned it: I am the Lord; I sanctify them.10No lay person shall eat of the sacred donations. No bound or hired servant of the priest shall eat of the sacred donations;11but if a priest acquires anyone by purchase, the person may eat of them; and those that are born in his house may eat of his food.12If a priest's daughter marries a layman, she shall not eat of the offering of the sacred donations;13but if a priest's daughter is widowed or divorced, without offspring, and returns to her father's house, as in her youth, she may eat of her father's food. No lay person shall eat of it.14If a man eats of the sacred donation unintentionally, he shall add one-fifth of its value to it, and give the sacred donation to the priest.15No one shall profane the sacred donations of the people of Israel, which they offer to the Lord,16causing them to bear guilt requiring a guilt offering, by eating their sacred donations: for I am the Lord; I sanctify them.Acceptable Offerings
17The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:18Speak to Aaron and his sons and all the people of Israel and say to them: When anyone of the house of Israel or of the aliens residing in Israel presents an offering, whether in payment of a vow or as a freewill offering that is offered to the Lord as a burnt offering,19to be acceptable in your behalf it shall be a male without blemish, of the cattle or the sheep or the goats.20You shall not offer anything that has a blemish, for it will not be acceptable in your behalf.21When anyone offers a sacrifice of well-being to the Lord, in fulfillment of a vow or as a freewill offering, from the herd or from the flock, to be acceptable it must be perfect; there shall be no blemish in it.22Anything blind, or injured, or maimed, or having a discharge or an itch or scabs—these you shall not offer to the Lord or put any of them on the altar as offerings by fire to the Lord.23An ox or a lamb that has a limb too long or too short you may present for a freewill offering; but it will not be accepted for a vow.24Any animal that has its testicles bruised or crushed or torn or cut, you shall not offer to the Lord; such you shall not do within your land,25nor shall you accept any such animals from a foreigner to offer as food to your God; since they are mutilated, with a blemish in them, they shall not be accepted in your behalf.26The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:27When an ox or a sheep or a goat is born, it shall remain seven days with its mother, and from the eighth day on it shall be acceptable as the Lord's offering by fire.28But you shall not slaughter, from the herd or the flock, an animal with its young on the same day.29When you sacrifice a thanksgiving offering to the Lord, you shall sacrifice it so that it may be acceptable in your behalf.30It shall be eaten on the same day; you shall not leave any of it until morning: I am the Lord.31Thus you shall keep my commandments and observe them: I am the Lord.32You shall not profane my holy name, that I may be sanctified among the people of Israel: I am the Lord; I sanctify you,33I who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God: I am the Lord.