A method of execution in which the victim is suspended by the neck from a rope. Hanging was not usually a method of execution in the Bible; rather, executed people were hung after death. Thus Joshua hung the corpse of the king of Ai (Josh 8:29) and of the five anti-Gibeonite kings (Josh 10:26), and David hung the corpses of Rechab and Baanah (2Sam 4:12). The custom was also known among the Egyptians, for Joseph predicted that Pharaoh would hang the baker (Gen 40:19). Later on Persians were impaled (Hist 3.115.159), and we do not know whether the hangings in the book of Esther (Esth 2:23; Esth 5:14; Esth 7:9; Esth 7:10; Esth 9:13-14) were hangings or impalings. Hanging is permitted in the book of Deuteronomy (Deut 21:22-23) with the proviso that the corpse be taken down before evening to avoid contaminating the land; the corpses hung by Joshua were left only until evening (cf. the removal of Jesus from the cross, Matt 27:57-59). Another Hebrew word that might refer to either hanging or impaling is used to describe a procedure used by the Philistines (1Sam 31:10) and the Gibeonites (2Sam 21:10-14).

Josh 8:29

29And he hanged the king of Ai on a tree until evening; and at sunset Joshua commanded, and they took his body down from the tree, threw it down at the entrance ... View more

Josh 10:26

26Afterward Joshua struck them down and put them to death, and he hung them on five trees. And they hung on the trees until evening.

2Sam 4:12

12So David commanded the young men, and they killed them; they cut off their hands and feet, and hung their bodies beside the pool at Hebron. But the head of Is ... View more

Gen 40:19

19within three days Pharaoh will lift up your head—from you!—and hang you on a pole; and the birds will eat the flesh from you.”

Esth 2:23

23When the affair was investigated and found to be so, both the men were hanged on the gallows. It was recorded in the book of the annals in the presence of the ... View more

Esth 5:14

14Then his wife Zeresh and all his friends said to him, “Let a gallows fifty cubits high be made, and in the morning tell the king to have Mordecai hanged on it ... View more

Esth 7:9

9Then Harbona, one of the eunuchs in attendance on the king, said, “Look, the very gallows that Haman has prepared for Mordecai, whose word saved the king, stan ... View more

Esth 7:10

10So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then the anger of the king abated.

Esth 9:13-14

13Esther said, “If it pleases the king, let the Jews who are in Susa be allowed tomorrow also to do according to this day's edict, and let the ten sons of Haman ... View more

Deut 21:22-23

Miscellaneous Laws
22When someone is convicted of a crime punishable by death and is executed, and you hang him on a tree,23his corpse must not remain all night ... View more

Matt 27:57-59

The Burial of Jesus
57When it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who was also a disciple of Jesus.58He went to Pilate and asked fo ... View more

1Sam 31:10

10They put his armor in the temple of Astarte; and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth-shan.

2Sam 21:10-14

10Then Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth, and spread it on a rock for herself, from the beginning of harvest until rain fell on them from the heavens; ... View more

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