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A Hebrew word appearing in a phrase that occurs at the beginning of (Ps 8; Ps 81; and Ps 84). It is often left untranslated (“according to the Gittith”), though some translators have sought to relate the term to a Hebrew word meaning “(wine) press” or to the Philistine city of Gath. In any case, the phrase is assumed to refer to a musical mode, a particular musical instrument, or even a particular well-known melody to the tune of which the designated psalms might be sung.