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A country that lies at the terminus of the central mountain structure of southern Europe. Greece is mentioned only in two later OT books (Dan 8:21; Dan 10:20; Dan 11:2; Zech 9:13). It figures prominently in the NT, however. During that period, the area now known as Greece was divided into two Roman provinces, Achaia (in the south) and Macedonia (in the north). Corinth and Athens were in Achaia; Philippi and Thessalonica were in Macedonia. Thus, Paul wrote letters to three churches in Greece (Corinth, Philippi, Thessalonica), and he visited other cities there as well (Acts 16:9-18:18; 2Cor 2:12).

  • Powell, Mark Allan, ed. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary. Abridged Edition. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009.