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The daughter of Aristobulus and Bernice and thus a granddaughter of Herod the Great and sister of Herod Agrippa I. She was married twice: first, to her paternal half uncle Herod (called Philip in Matt 14:3), to whom she bore a daughter, Salome; then, once again to a half uncle, Herod Antipas. The second marriage, carried out after she abandoned her first husband and Antipas divorced his royal Nabatean wife, brought about their public condemnation, according to the Gospels, by John the Baptist and Herodias’s retaliation by having her daughter Salome ask for John’s head as a prize (Matt 14:3-12; Mark 6:17-29; Luke 3:19-20; Luke 9:7-9).

  • Powell, Mark Allan, ed. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary. Abridged Edition. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009.