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The Greco-Latin form of Judah. The geographical term “Judea” is introduced in Ezra-Nehemiah to designate the area of the Jewish state under the Persians, which included only a relatively small area around Jerusalem. Thus the term is sometimes used in a limited sense to refer to that region as distinct from Samaria, Galilee, Perea, and Idumea—areas that might also be included in references to “Judah” in an extended sense (Luke 1:5).

  • Powell, Mark Allan, ed. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary. Abridged Edition. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009.