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Matthew, The Gospel According to

One of the four Gospels in the NT. The author exhibits a theological outlook, command of Greek, and rabbinic training that suggest that he was a Jewish Christian of the second generation. Matthew’s Gospel emphasizes the presence of God manifest among the people of Israel through Jesus, the Son of God, and through the church that Jesus founds. This Gospel also contains the Sermon on the Mount and a strong emphasis on traditional morality.

Outline of Contents


I. Jesus presented (Matt 1:1-4:16)

A. Jesus as fulfillment of end-time expectations (Matt 1:1-25)

1. Jesus’s ancestors recalled (Matt 1:1-17)

2. Jesus’s birth announced (Matt 1:18-25)

B. Birth of Jesus (Matt 2:1-23)

1. Appearance of the magi (Matt 2:1-12)

2. Jesus taken to Egypt (Matt 2:13-15)

3. Slaughter of the innocents (Matt 2:16-23)

C. Jesus and John the Baptist (Matt 3:1-4:16)

1. John baptizes in Judea (Matt 3:1-12)

2. John baptizes Jesus (Matt 3:13-17)

3. Jesus tempted by Satan (Matt 4:1-11)

4. Jesus in Galilee (Matt 4:12-16)

II. Jesus’s ministry (Matt 4:17-16:20)

A. Jesus’s ministry to Israel (Matt 4:17-11:1)

1. Jesus calls disciples (Matt 4:17-22)

2. Jesus teaches (Matt 4:23-7:29)

3. Jesus does mighty deeds (Matt 8:1-9:34)

4. Jesus commissions the Twelve (Matt 9:35-11:1)

B. Israel’s repudiation of Jesus (Matt 11:2-16:20)

1. Israel repudiates Jesus (Matt 11:2-12:50)

2. Jesus speaks in parables (Matt 13:1-52)

3. Rejection of Jesus and the death of John the Baptist (Matt 13:53-14:12)

4. Jesus feeds, heals, and teaches (Matt 14:13-16:12)

5. Disciples confess Jesus as Son of God (Matt 16:13-20)

III. Jesus in Jerusalem (Matt 16:21-28:20)

A. Jesus predicts his passion in Jerusalem and journeys to it (Matt 16:21-21:11)

B. Jesus in the Temple (Matt 21:12-23:39)

C. Jesus speaks about end times (Matt 24:1-25:46)

D. Jesus’s trial and crucifixion (Matt 26:1-27:66)

E. Jesus risen from the dead (Matt 28:1-20)