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The Wisdom of Jesus Son of (Heb. Ben Sirach), also known as Ecclesiasticus, a book of instruction and proverbs written in Hebrew around 180 BCE in Jerusalem by an instructor of wealthy youths. It was translated into Greek by the author’s grandson sometime after 132 BCE. Protestants regard it as part of the Apocrypha, while Catholics classify it as deuterocanonical.

  • Powell, Mark Allan, ed. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary. Abridged Edition. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009.