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The handmaiden of Leah, who was given to Jacob as a “surrogate mother” and bore Gad and Asher (Gen 30:9-13). Even though surrogates were normally given to their husbands by childless wives, Zilpah was given to Jacob after Leah had already borne four sons, apparently in retaliation for the action of the childless Rachel, whose handmaiden Bilhah had borne Dan and Naphtali as a surrogate mother for Rachel.

  • Powell, Mark Allan, ed. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary. Abridged Edition. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009.