Abraham (Ay´bruh-ham; Heb., “father of a multitude”)

A Hebrew patriarch whose life and exploits are narrated primarily in (Gen 12-25). In Judaism, Abraham is both advocate with God and pioneer in faith; he is called “the ancestor of a multitude of nations” (Gen 17:5) and the friend of God (2Chr 20:7). Earlier known as Abram (Heb., “exalted father”), he would come to be perceived as the ancestor of several peoples from the regions of Palestine. Abraham is also an important figure in Christianity (Matt 1:1; Matt 1:2; Matt 1:17; Matt 3:9; Luke 13:16; Luke 16:24; Luke 19:9; Acts 13:26). As patriarch, he is a symbol of compassion (Luke 16:19-31) and the one who legitimates (John 8:33-38). Abraham also functions as a vehicle of the covenant with God (Luke 1:73; Acts 7:5-6; Gal 4:28; Mark 12:26; Acts 7:32), and he is viewed as one who experienced a special relationship with God (Jas 2:23). More than anything, however, the NT describes Abraham as the model of faith and the pioneer of trust in God (Rom 4:1-25; Gal 3:1-19; Heb 6:13-14; Heb 7:1-10; Heb 11:8; Heb 11:11).

Gen 12-25

The Call of Abram
1Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father's house to the land that I will show you.2I will make of y ... View more

Gen 17:5

5No longer shall your name be Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for I have made you the ancestor of a multitude of nations.

2Chr 20:7

7Did you not, O our God, drive out the inhabitants of this land before your people Israel, and give it forever to the descendants of your friend Abraham?

Matt 1:1

The Genealogy of Jesus the Messiah
1An account of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Matt 1:2

2Abraham was the father of Isaac, and Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers,

Matt 1:17

17So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David to the deportation to Babylon, fourteen generations; and from the deport ... View more

Matt 3:9

9Do not presume to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our ancestor’; for I tell you, God is able from these stones to raise up children to Abraham.

Luke 13:16

16And ought not this woman, a daughter of Abraham whom Satan bound for eighteen long years, be set free from this bondage on the sabbath day?”

Luke 16:24

24He called out, ‘Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue; for I am in agony in these flames ... View more

Luke 19:9

9Then Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has come to this house, because he too is a son of Abraham.

Acts 13:26

26“My brothers, you descendants of Abraham's family, and others who fear God, to us the message of this salvation has been sent.

Luke 16:19-31

The Rich Man and Lazarus
19“There was a rich man who was dressed in purple and fine linen and who feasted sumptuously every day.20And at his gate lay a poor man ... View more

John 8:33-38

33They answered him, “We are descendants of Abraham and have never been slaves to anyone. What do you mean by saying, ‘You will be made free’?”34Jesus answered ... View more

Luke 1:73

73the oath that he swore to our ancestor Abraham,
to grant us

Acts 7:5-6

5He did not give him any of it as a heritage, not even a foot's length, but promised to give it to him as his possession and to his descendants after him, even ... View more

Gal 4:28

28Now you, my friends, are children of the promise, like Isaac.

Mark 12:26

26And as for the dead being raised, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the story about the bush, how God said to him, ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God ... View more

Acts 7:32

32‘I am the God of your ancestors, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.’ Moses began to tremble and did not dare to look.

Jas 2:23

23Thus the scripture was fulfilled that says, “Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness,” and he was called the friend of God.

Rom 4:1-25

The Example of Abraham
1What then are we to say was gained by Abraham, our ancestor according to the flesh?2For if Abraham was justified by works, he has someth ... View more

Gal 3:1-19

Law or Faith
1You foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you? It was before your eyes that Jesus Christ was publicly exhibited as crucified!2The only thing I want ... View more

Heb 6:13-14

The Certainty of God's Promise
13When God made a promise to Abraham, because he had no one greater by whom to swear, he swore by himself,14saying, “I will surel ... View more

Heb 7:1-10

The Priestly Order of Melchizedek
1This “King Melchizedek of Salem, priest of the Most High God, met Abraham as he was returning from defeating the kings and bl ... View more

Heb 11:8

The Faith of Abraham
8By faith Abraham obeyed when he was called to set out for a place that he was to receive as an inheritance; and he set out, not knowing wh ... View more

Heb 11:11

11By faith he received power of procreation, even though he was too old—and Sarah herself was barren—because he considered him faithful who had promised.

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