Atonement, Day of

Atonement, Day of (Heb. Yom Kippur)

A festival observed in Israel ten days after the fall new year (Lev 16:29; Lev 23:27) to purify the sanctuary and altar and atone for the sins and impurities of the high priest and Israel for the past year (Lev 16:1-34; Lev 23:26-32; Num 29:7-11). On this day only, the high priest entered the innermost room of the tabernacle and later the Temple, the Holy of Holies, to sprinkle blood from the bull and goat on the top and front of the “cover” (or mercy seat) and to offer incense. In a related ritual, the priest symbolically placed the sins of the people upon another goat (the so-called scapegoat), which was then driven into the wilderness, taking the sins and impurities away. (Heb 8:1-9:28) draws heavily on the ritual and symbolism of the Day of Atonement to explain Christ’s sacrifice.

Lev 16:29

29This shall be a statute to you forever: In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall deny yourselves, and shall do no work, neither the citi ... View more

Lev 23:27

27Now, the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of atonement; it shall be a holy convocation for you: you shall deny yourselves and present the Lord's off ... View more

Lev 16:1-34

The Day of Atonement
1The Lord spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they drew near before the Lord and died.2The Lord said to Moses:
Te ... View more

Lev 23:26-32

The Day of Atonement
26The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:27Now, the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of atonement; it shall be a holy convocation for yo ... View more

Num 29:7-11

Offerings on the Day of Atonement
7On the tenth day of this seventh month you shall have a holy convocation, and deny yourselves; you shall do no work.8You shal ... View more

Heb 8:1-9:28

Mediator of a Better Covenant
1Now the main point in what we are saying is this: we have such a high priest, one who is seated at the right hand of the throne o ... View more

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.