The immersion of the body, in part or whole, for hygienic, cultic, or recreational purposes. As a normal human activity, bathing includes such instances as Pharaoh’s daughter bathing (Exod 2:5), David washing after mourning the death of Bathsheba’s child (2Sam 12:20), and the washing of an infant after birth (Ezek 16:4). A common gesture of hospitality is providing guests with water to wash their feet (Gen 18:4; Gen 19:2; Judg 19:21; John 13:4-17; 1Tim 5:10). As a ritual act, bathing to remove ritual pollution is part of the priestly consecration ceremony for Aaron and his sons (Exod 29:4; Exod 30:17-21; Exod 40:30-32; Lev 8:6; Lev 16:4; Lev 16:24). Nonpriestly ritual bathings include purification from leprosy (Lev 14:8-9) and other kinds of personal uncleanness or pollution (Lev 15; Num 19), washings that perhaps serve hygienic as well as ritual purposes. Figuratively, washing or bathing is a universal symbol of moral cleanness, e.g., the cleansing of the hands (Ps 26:6; Ps 73:13; Isa 1:15-18) or the heart (Ps 51:17; Jer 4:14). Also to be classed as figurative are the washings associated with healing miracles, such as the curing of Naaman’s leprosy (2Kgs 5:10-14) and the restoration of sight to the man born blind (John 9:7).

Exod 2:5

5The daughter of Pharaoh came down to bathe at the river, while her attendants walked beside the river. She saw the basket among the reeds and sent her maid to ... View more

2Sam 12:20

20Then David rose from the ground, washed, anointed himself, and changed his clothes. He went into the house of the Lord, and worshiped; he then went to his own ... View more

Ezek 16:4

4As for your birth, on the day you were born your navel cord was not cut, nor were you washed with water to cleanse you, nor rubbed with salt, nor wrapped in cl ... View more

Gen 18:4

4Let a little water be brought, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree.

Gen 19:2

2He said, “Please, my lords, turn aside to your servant's house and spend the night, and wash your feet; then you can rise early and go on your way.” They said, ... View more

Judg 19:21

21So he brought him into his house, and fed the donkeys; they washed their feet, and ate and drank.

John 13:4-17

4got up from the table, took off his outer robe, and tied a towel around himself.5Then he poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples' feet and to ... View more

1Tim 5:10

10she must be well attested for her good works, as one who has brought up children, shown hospitality, washed the saints' feet, helped the afflicted, and devote ... View more

Exod 29:4

4You shall bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance of the tent of meeting, and wash them with water.

Exod 30:17-21

The Bronze Basin
17The Lord spoke to Moses:18You shall make a bronze basin with a bronze stand for washing. You shall put it between the tent of meeting and the ... View more

Exod 40:30-32

30He set the basin between the tent of meeting and the altar, and put water in it for washing,31with which Moses and Aaron and his sons washed their hands and t ... View more

Lev 8:6

6Then Moses brought Aaron and his sons forward, and washed them with water.

Lev 16:4

4He shall put on the holy linen tunic, and shall have the linen undergarments next to his body, fasten the linen sash, and wear the linen turban; these are the ... View more

Lev 16:24

24He shall bathe his body in water in a holy place, and put on his vestments; then he shall come out and offer his burnt offering and the burnt offering of the ... View more

Lev 14:8-9

8The one who is to be cleansed shall wash his clothes, and shave off all his hair, and bathe himself in water, and he shall be clean. After that he shall come i ... View more

Lev 15

Concerning Bodily Discharges
1The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:2Speak to the people of Israel and say to them:
When any man has a discharge from his me ... View more

Num 19

Ceremony of the Red Heifer
1The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:2This is a statute of the law that the Lord has commanded: Tell the Israelites to bring yo ... View more

Ps 26:6

6I wash my hands in innocence,
and go around your altar, O Lord,

Ps 73:13

13All in vain I have kept my heart clean
and washed my hands in innocence.

Isa 1:15-18

15When you stretch out your hands,
I will hide my eyes from you;
even though you make many prayers,
I will not listen;
your hands are full of blood.16Wash yours ... View more

Ps 51:17

17The sacrifice acceptable to God is a broken spirit;
a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.

Jer 4:14

14O Jerusalem, wash your heart clean of wickedness
so that you may be saved.
How long shall your evil schemes
lodge within you?

2Kgs 5:10-14

10Elisha sent a messenger to him, saying, “Go, wash in the Jordan seven times, and your flesh shall be restored and you shall be clean.”11But Naaman became angr ... View more

John 9:7

7saying to him, “Go, wash in the pool of Siloam” (which means Sent). Then he went and washed and came back able to see.

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