Bethlehem (Beth´li-hem; Heb., “house of bread”)

1 A small town five miles south of Jerusalem. Prior to the period of the Israelite monarchy, Bethlehem was the home of the Levite who went to act as priest for a man named Micah in Ephraim (Judg 17:7-13) and of the unfortunate concubine whose murder caused the tragic massacre of the people of Gibeah (Judg 19-20). Bethlehem figures prominently also in the story of Ruth, the great-grandmother of David (Ruth 1; Ruth 2:4; Ruth 4:11). Its greatest importance in the OT, however, is its relation to King David. It was his family home (1Sam 16:1; 1Sam 17:12) and the place where he was anointed as king (1Sam 16:4-13). The great importance of Bethlehem for Christians is that the Gospels record the birth of Jesus as having taken place there, in fulfillment of a prophecy of Micah (Mic 5:2; Matt 2; Luke 2; John 7:42). 2 A small town in the hill country of Zebulun (Josh 19:15), about seven miles northwest of Nazareth (Judg 12:8-10). 3 In 1 Chronicles a personal name, once of a descendant of Caleb (1Chr 2:51, 1Chr 2:54), and once of the son of Ephrathah, a descendant of Hur (1Chr 4:4).

Judg 17:7-13

7Now there was a young man of Bethlehem in Judah, of the clan of Judah. He was a Levite residing there.8This man left the town of Bethlehem in Judah, to live wh ... View more

Judg 19-20

The Levite's Concubine
1In those days, when there was no king in Israel, a certain Levite, residing in the remote parts of the hill country of Ephraim, took to ... View more

Ruth 1

Elimelech's Family Goes to Moab
1In the days when the judges ruled, there was a famine in the land, and a certain man of Bethlehem in Judah went to live in the ... View more

Ruth 2:4

4Just then Boaz came from Bethlehem. He said to the reapers, “The Lord be with you.” They answered, “The Lord bless you.”

Ruth 4:11

11Then all the people who were at the gate, along with the elders, said, “We are witnesses. May the Lord make the woman who is coming into your house like Rache ... View more

1Sam 16:1

David Anointed as King
1The Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you grieve over Saul? I have rejected him from being king over Israel. Fill your horn with oil a ... View more

1Sam 17:12

12Now David was the son of an Ephrathite of Bethlehem in Judah, named Jesse, who had eight sons. In the days of Saul the man was already old and advanced in yea ... View more

1Sam 16:4-13

4Samuel did what the Lord commanded, and came to Bethlehem. The elders of the city came to meet him trembling, and said, “Do you come peaceably?”5He said, “Peac ... View more

Mic 5:2

The Ruler from Bethlehem
2 But you, O Bethlehem of Ephrathah,
who are one of the little clans of Judah,
from you shall come forth for me
one who is to rule in I ... View more

Matt 2

The Visit of the Wise Men
1In the time of King Herod, after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem,2asking, “Where is th ... View more

Luke 2

The Birth of Jesus
1In those days a decree went out from Emperor Augustus that all the world should be registered.2This was the first registration and was taken ... View more

John 7:42

42Has not the scripture said that the Messiah is descended from David and comes from Bethlehem, the village where David lived?”

Josh 19:15

15and Kattath, Nahalal, Shimron, Idalah, and Bethlehem—twelve towns with their villages.

Judg 12:8-10

Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon
8After him Ibzan of Bethlehem judged Israel.9He had thirty sons. He gave his thirty daughters in marriage outside his clan and brought in ... View more

1Chr 2:51

51Salma father of Bethlehem, and Hareph father of Beth-gader.

1Chr 2:54

54The sons of Salma: Bethlehem, the Netophathites, Atroth-beth-joab, and half of the Manahathites, the Zorites.

1Chr 4:4

4and Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These were the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem.

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