Canaan (Kay´nuhn, kay´nuh-nits)

The ancient name of a territory and its inhabitants that included parts of what is now Israel (with occupied territories) and Lebanon. In the Bible, Canaan is the son of Ham and the grandson of Noah. He is first encountered in the story of Noah’s drunkenness (Gen 9:18-27). Canaan next appears in the Table of Nations (Gen 10:6; Gen 15-20:6) as brother of Put (Libya), Cush (Ethiopia), and Egypt. The boundaries of Canaan are given as follows: from Sidon to Gerar near Gaza, and eastward as far as Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim to Lasha (Gen 10:19). Israel loathed much that was associated with Canaanite religion and regarded Canaanite ways as abominable. Biblical literature urges the eradication of Canaanite religion together with the Canaanite people (Deut 20:16-18). In (Matt 15:22), Jesus encounters a Canaanite woman.

Gen 9:18-27

Noah and His Sons
18The sons of Noah who went out of the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. Ham was the father of Canaan.19These three were the sons of Noah; and ... View more

Gen 10:6

6The descendants of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan.

Gen 15-20:6

God's Covenant with Abram
1After these things the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision, “Do not be afraid, Abram, I am your shield; your reward shall be v ... View more

Gen 10:19

19And the territory of the Canaanites extended from Sidon, in the direction of Gerar, as far as Gaza, and in the direction of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboii ... View more

Deut 20:16-18

16But as for the towns of these peoples that the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance, you must not let anything that breathes remain alive.17You shall ... View more

Matt 15:22

22Just then a Canaanite woman from that region came out and started shouting, “Have mercy on me, Lord, Son of David; my daughter is tormented by a demon.”

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.