The removal of the foreskin (prepuce) of the male penis. In ancient Israel and in Judaism, circumcision was routinely performed upon infants of eight days (Gen 17:12; Lev 12:3; Luke 1:59; Luke 2:21; Phil 3:5), though circumstances might permit or require performance upon adolescents (Gen 17:25) or even upon grooms (Gen 34:14-24). The Hebrews attributed different aspects of the practice to divine injunction to Abraham (Gen 17:9-27), to Joshua (Josh 5:2-7), and to Israel (Lev 12:1-5; Exod 12:44; Exod 12:48). In one passage (Exod 4:24-26), Zipporah, Moses’s wife, is credited with saving her husband’s life by circumcising her son. In (Gen 17:11), circumcision is said to serve as a “sign” of God’s covenant with Israel. A “spiritual” interpretation can also be found: persons who are deemed to have “uncircumcised ears” (Jer 6:10) or an “uncircumcised heart” (Lev 26:41; Ezek 44:7; Ezek 44:9) are considered to be unreceptive or stubborn. In early Christianity, the merits of continuing the ritual of circumcision were debated, but spiritual circumcision was eventually deemed sufficient (Acts 15; Rom 2:29; Col 2:11; 1Cor 7:19; Gal 6:15).

Gen 17:12

12Throughout your generations every male among you shall be circumcised when he is eight days old, including the slave born in your house and the one bought wit ... View more

Lev 12:3

3On the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised.

Luke 1:59

59On the eighth day they came to circumcise the child, and they were going to name him Zechariah after his father.

Luke 2:21

Jesus Is Named
21After eight days had passed, it was time to circumcise the child; and he was called Jesus, the name given by the angel before he was conceived ... View more

Phil 3:5

5circumcised on the eighth day, a member of the people of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew born of Hebrews; as to the law, a Pharisee;

Gen 17:25

25And his son Ishmael was thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.

Gen 34:14-24

14They said to them, “We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one who is uncircumcised, for that would be a disgrace to us.15Only on this condition will ... View more

Gen 17:9-27

9God said to Abraham, “As for you, you shall keep my covenant, you and your offspring after you throughout their generations.10This is my covenant, which you sh ... View more

Josh 5:2-7

2At that time the Lord said to Joshua, “Make flint knives and circumcise the Israelites a second time.”3So Joshua made flint knives, and circumcised the Israeli ... View more

Lev 12:1-5

Purification of Women after Childbirth
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Speak to the people of Israel, saying:
If a woman conceives and bears a male child, she ... View more

Exod 12:44

44but any slave who has been purchased may eat of it after he has been circumcised;

Exod 12:48

48If an alien who resides with you wants to celebrate the passover to the Lord, all his males shall be circumcised; then he may draw near to celebrate it; he sh ... View more

Exod 4:24-26

24On the way, at a place where they spent the night, the Lord met him and tried to kill him.25But Zipporah took a flint and cut off her son's foreskin, and touc ... View more

Gen 17:11

11You shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskins, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between me and you.

Jer 6:10

10To whom shall I speak and give warning,
that they may hear?
See, their ears are closed,
they cannot listen.
The word of the Lord is to them an object of scorn ... View more

Lev 26:41

41so that I, in turn, continued hostile to them and brought them into the land of their enemies; if then their uncircumcised heart is humbled and they make amen ... View more

Ezek 44:7

7in admitting foreigners, uncircumcised in heart and flesh, to be in my sanctuary, profaning my temple when you offer to me my food, the fat and the blood. You ... View more

Ezek 44:9

9Thus says the Lord GOD: No foreigner, uncircumcised in heart and flesh, of all the foreigners who are among the people of Israel, shall enter my sanctuary.

Acts 15

The Council at Jerusalem
1Then certain individuals came down from Judea and were teaching the brothers, “Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of M ... View more

Rom 2:29

29Rather, a person is a Jew who is one inwardly, and real circumcision is a matter of the heart—it is spiritual and not literal. Such a person receives praise n ... View more

Col 2:11

11In him also you were circumcised with a spiritual circumcision, by putting off the body of the flesh in the circumcision of Christ;

1Cor 7:19

19Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing; but obeying the commandments of God is everything.

Gal 6:15

15For neither circumcision nor uncircumcision is anything; but a new creation is everything!

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