A verbal or written requirement or order. The term appears over 180 times in the OT, and over 90 percent of its uses refer to God’s requirements of Israel as stipulated in the Pentateuch. The term appears often in conjunction with torah and laws (Gen 26:5; Exod 24:12; Deut 6:1). People are enjoined to “keep” (lit., “guard”) the commandments (Lev 26:3). Far from being burdensome, the commandments are the psalmist’s “delight” (Ps 119:47; Ps 119:143) and “love” (v. 127). In the Ten Commandments, God calls those who observe his commandments “those who love me” (Exod 20:6; Deut 5:10). Jesus identified the two greatest commandments as love of God and neighbor (Matt 22:35-40; Mark 12:28-34; Luke 10:25-28; based on Deut. 6:5).

Gen 26:5

5because Abraham obeyed my voice and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.”

Exod 24:12

12The Lord said to Moses, “Come up to me on the mountain, and wait there; and I will give you the tablets of stone, with the law and the commandment, which I ha ... View more

Deut 6:1

The Great Commandment
1Now this is the commandment—the statutes and the ordinances—that the Lord your God charged me to teach you to observe in the land that yo ... View more

Lev 26:3

3If you follow my statutes and keep my commandments and observe them faithfully,

Ps 119:47

47I find my delight in your commandments,
because I love them.

Ps 119:143

143Trouble and anguish have come upon me,
but your commandments are my delight.

Exod 20:6

6but showing steadfast love to the thousandth generation of those who love me and keep my commandments.

Deut 5:10

10but showing steadfast love to the thousandth generation of those who love me and keep my commandments.

Matt 22:35-40

35and one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question to test him.36“Teacher, which commandment in the law is the greatest?”37He said to him, “ ‘You shall love the ... View more

Mark 12:28-34

The First Commandment
28One of the scribes came near and heard them disputing with one another, and seeing that he answered them well, he asked him, “Which comm ... View more

Luke 10:25-28

The Parable of the Good Samaritan
25Just then a lawyer stood up to test Jesus. “Teacher,” he said, “what must I do to inherit eternal life?”26He said to him, “W ... View more

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