Edom (Ee´duhm)

A name derived from the Semitic root meaning “red,” “ruddy.” 1 A descendant of Esau (Gen 36:1; Gen 36:8), the brother of Jacob-Israel, and the elder of the twin sons of Isaac and Rebekah (Gen 25:19-26). Esau-Seir is the ancestor of the Edomites in the same way that Jacob-Israel is the eponym of the Israelites. 2 The area situated south of the Dead Sea on both sides of Wadi Arabah because of the reddish color of the sandstone of that district. In biblical passages the country of Edom stands in apposition to the land of Seir (Gen 32:3; Gen 36:8; Judg 5:4).

Gen 36:1

Esau's Descendants
1These are the descendants of Esau (that is, Edom).

Gen 36:8

8So Esau settled in the hill country of Seir; Esau is Edom.

Gen 25:19-26

The Birth and Youth of Esau and Jacob
19These are the descendants of Isaac, Abraham's son: Abraham was the father of Isaac,20and Isaac was forty years old when ... View more

Gen 32:3

Jacob Sends Presents to Appease Esau
3Jacob sent messengers before him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom,

Gen 36:8

8So Esau settled in the hill country of Seir; Esau is Edom.

Judg 5:4

4“Lord, when you went out from Seir,
when you marched from the region of Edom,
the earth trembled,
and the heavens poured,
the clouds indeed poured water.

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