Elam (Ee´luhm)

The region east of the Tigris River, which provided Mesopotamia with a rich source of raw materials. In the Bible, Elam is best known from (Gen 14), which details the coalition of several kings, including the Elamite Chedorlaomer, against the kings of the Dead Sea region. The coalition captured Lot, who was rescued by his uncle, Abram. In the Table of Nations, Elam is listed as a descendant of Shem (Gen 10:22). Shushan (Susa), the capital (Neh 1:1; Dan 8:2) of Elam, is called “the citadel” in (Esth 1:2). In the eighth and seventh centuries BCE, Elam alternatively showed its last independence and joined Chaldean and Aramean coalitions against Assyria. The Assyrians prevailed, and in 646 BCE Ashurbanipal sacked Susa. (Ezek 32:24) describes the destruction of Elam. Isaiah (Isa 11:11, Isa 21:2, Isa 22:6) records Elamite help in Assyrian attacks on Judah. During the reign of Zedekiah, Jeremiah (Jer 49:35-39) prophesied God’s promise of a total victory over Elam and a return from the captivity. Jews from Elam are counted among the returnees from the Babylonian captivity in (Ezra 2:7, Ezra 2:31, and Ezra 8:7). The one mention of Elamites in the NT (Acts 2:9) records their presence in Jerusalem at Pentecost.

Gen 14

Lot's Captivity and Rescue
1In the days of King Amraphel of Shinar, King Arioch of Ellasar, King Chedorlaomer of Elam, and King Tidal of Goiim,2these kings made ... View more

Gen 10:22

22The descendants of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

Neh 1:1

Nehemiah Prays for His People
1The words of Nehemiah son of Hacaliah. In the month of Chislev, in the twentieth year, while I was in Susa the capital,

Dan 8:2

2In the vision I was looking and saw myself in Susa the capital, in the province of Elam, and I was by the river Ulai.

Esth 1:2

2In those days when King Ahasuerus sat on his royal throne in the citadel of Susa,

Ezek 32:24

24Elam is there, and all its hordes around its grave; all of them killed, fallen by the sword, who went down uncircumcised into the world below, who spread terr ... View more

Isa 11:11

11On that day the Lord will extend his hand yet a second time to recover the remnant that is left of his people, from Assyria, from Egypt, from Pathros, from Et ... View more

Isa 21:2

2A stern vision is told to me;
the betrayer betrays,
and the destroyer destroys.
Go up, O Elam,
lay siege, O Media;
all the sighing she has caused
I bring to an ... View more

Isa 22:6

6Elam bore the quiver
with chariots and cavalry,
and Kir uncovered the shield.

Jer 49:35-39

35Thus says the Lord of hosts: I am going to break the bow of Elam, the mainstay of their might;36and I will bring upon Elam the four winds from the four quarte ... View more

Ezra 2:7

7Of Elam, one thousand two hundred fifty-four.

Ezra 2:31

31Of the other Elam, one thousand two hundred fifty-four.

Ezra 8:7

7Of the descendants of Elam, Jeshaiah son of Athaliah, and with him seventy males.

Acts 2:9

9Parthians, Medes, Elamites, and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia,

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