Elisha (I-li´shuh; Heb., “God is salvation”)

A prophet of the Northern Kingdom, Israel, who was active for a period of some fifty years (ca. 850–800 BCE) during the reigns of Joram, Jehu, Jehoahaz, and Jehoash (Joash). The successor and disciple of Elijah, Elisha is remembered in the biblical stories as a man of wisdom and a worker of miracles. Elisha’s work within Israel operated on both personal and political levels. The purification of a vital spring (2Kgs 2:19-22), the raising of the Shunammite’s only son (2Kgs 4:18-37), the provision of an antidote for the poisonous stew (2Kgs 4:38-41), the healing of Naaman’s leprosy (2Kgs 5:1-19 cf. Luke 4:27), and the recovery of a borrowed axe head (2Kgs 6:1-7) demonstrate Elisha’s ministry on a personal level and also show the power of God over all aspects of nature. Similarly, the increase of the widow’s oil (2Kgs 4:1-7), the multiplication of grain (2Kgs 4:42-44), and the restoration of the Shunammite’s land (2Kgs 8:1-6) demonstrate God’s power in the economic and social spheres. But Elisha’s greatest work was on a political level. He provided water to a thirsty army (2Kgs 3:4-20), was instrumental in routing the Moabites (2Kgs 3:21-27), warned the king of enemy plans more than once (2Kgs 6:8-12), helped avert disaster at the hands of the Syrians (2Kgs 6:13-7:23), was involved in the overthrow of Ben-hadad of Damascus (2Kgs 8:7-15) and Jehu of Israel (2Kgs 9:1-13 see also 2Kgs 9:14-36), and from his deathbed prophesied Joash’s defeat of the Syrians (2Kgs 13:14-19).

2Kgs 2:19-22

Elisha Performs Miracles
19Now the people of the city said to Elisha, “The location of this city is good, as my lord sees; but the water is bad, and the land is ... View more

2Kgs 4:18-37

18When the child was older, he went out one day to his father among the reapers.19He complained to his father, “Oh, my head, my head!” The father said to his se ... View more

2Kgs 4:38-41

Elisha Purifies the Pot of Stew
38When Elisha returned to Gilgal, there was a famine in the land. As the company of prophets was sitting before him, he said to ... View more

2Kgs 5:1-19

The Healing of Naaman
1Naaman, commander of the army of the king of Aram, was a great man and in high favor with his master, because by him the Lord had given v ... View more

Luke 4:27

27There were also many lepers in Israel in the time of the prophet Elisha, and none of them was cleansed except Naaman the Syrian.”

2Kgs 6:1-7

The Miracle of the Ax Head
1Now the company of prophets said to Elisha, “As you see, the place where we live under your charge is too small for us.2Let us go to ... View more

2Kgs 4:1-7

Elisha and the Widow's Oil
1Now the wife of a member of the company of prophets cried to Elisha, “Your servant my husband is dead; and you know that your servan ... View more

2Kgs 4:42-44

Elisha Feeds One Hundred Men
42A man came from Baal-shalishah, bringing food from the first fruits to the man of God: twenty loaves of barley and fresh ears of ... View more

2Kgs 8:1-6

The Shunammite Woman's Land Restored
1Now Elisha had said to the woman whose son he had restored to life, “Get up and go with your household, and settle whereve ... View more

2Kgs 3:4-20

War with Moab
4Now King Mesha of Moab was a sheep breeder, who used to deliver to the king of Israel one hundred thousand lambs, and the wool of one hundred tho ... View more

2Kgs 3:21-27

21When all the Moabites heard that the kings had come up to fight against them, all who were able to put on armor, from the youngest to the oldest, were called ... View more

2Kgs 6:8-12

The Aramean Attack Is Thwarted
8Once when the king of Aram was at war with Israel, he took counsel with his officers. He said, “At such and such a place shall b ... View more

2Kgs 6:13-7:23

13He said, “Go and find where he is; I will send and seize him.” He was told, “He is in Dothan.”14So he sent horses and chariots there and a great army; they ca ... View more

2Kgs 8:7-15

Death of Ben-hadad
7Elisha went to Damascus while King Ben-hadad of Aram was ill. When it was told him, “The man of God has come here,”8the king said to Hazael, ... View more

2Kgs 9:1-13

Anointing of Jehu
1Then the prophet Elisha called a member of the company of prophets and said to him, “Gird up your loins; take this flask of oil in your hand, ... View more

2Kgs 9:14-36

Joram of Israel Killed
14Thus Jehu son of Jehoshaphat son of Nimshi conspired against Joram. Joram with all Israel had been on guard at Ramoth-gilead against Ki ... View more

2Kgs 13:14-19

Death of Elisha
14Now when Elisha had fallen sick with the illness of which he was to die, King Joash of Israel went down to him, and wept before him, crying, “ ... View more

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