Ephraim (Ee´fray-im; Heb., probably “fruitful place”; note Gen. 41:52 for a popular etymology)

1 Joseph’s younger son born in Egypt to Asenath. Ephraim was blessed by Jacob (Gen 48:1-20) designedly ahead of his brother Manasseh, portending tribal Ephraim’s ascendancy. 2 An increasingly prominent Israelite tribe. Josh 16 and Josh 17:14-18 show Joseph, one tribe and territory, replaced by two: Ephraim and Manasseh. But, by the mid-eighth century BCE, Ephraim could become a designation for the whole Northern Kingdom; in Isaiah, it is allied with Syria in the “Syro-Ephraimite war” (Isa 7:1-17; 2Kgs 16:5-9), and throughout Hosea it is the disloyal covenant partner of God (Hos 5:3-14). Ephraim’s important role in Israelite history is indicated by a number of factors. Bethel, Shiloh, and Shechem, all ancient worship centers, were in Ephraim. Joshua was an Ephraimite (Num 13:8; Deut 34:9); he and Eleazar, who allotted the land (Num 34:17; Josh 14:1), were buried in Ephraimite towns (Josh 24:29; Josh 24:33). Samuel (1Sam 1:1) was an Ephraimite, as was Jeroboam (1Kgs 11:26), men who embodied the Northern attitude toward monarchy. The “judges” Tola, Abdon, and Deborah were all connected to Ephraim (Judg 4:5; Judg 10:1; Judg 12:15). 3 A town in 2Sam 13:23 where Absalom avenged Tamar upon Amnon. It was most likely located near Bethel in Ephraimite territory (John 11:54; 1Macc 11:34), but may have derived its name simply from being a “fruitful place.”

Gen 48:1-20

Jacob Blesses Joseph's Sons
1After this Joseph was told, “Your father is ill.” So he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim.2When Jacob was told, “You ... View more

Josh 16

The Territory of Ephraim
1The allotment of the Josephites went from the Jordan by Jericho, east of the waters of Jericho, into the wilderness, going up from Jer ... View more

Josh 17:14-18

The Tribe of Joseph Protests
14The tribe of Joseph spoke to Joshua, saying, “Why have you given me but one lot and one portion as an inheritance, since we are a ... View more

Isa 7:1-17

Isaiah Reassures King Ahaz
1In the days of Ahaz son of Jotham son of Uzziah, king of Judah, King Rezin of Aram and King Pekah son of Remaliah of Israel went up ... View more

2Kgs 16:5-9

5Then King Rezin of Aram and King Pekah son of Remaliah of Israel came up to wage war on Jerusalem; they besieged Ahaz but could not conquer him.6At that time t ... View more

Hos 5:3-14

3I know Ephraim,
and Israel is not hidden from me;
for now, O Ephraim, you have played the whore;
Israel is defiled.4Their deeds do not permit them
to return to ... View more

Num 13:8

8from the tribe of Ephraim, Hoshea son of Nun;

Deut 34:9

9Joshua son of Nun was full of the spirit of wisdom, because Moses had laid his hands on him; and the Israelites obeyed him, doing as the Lord had commanded Mos ... View more

Num 34:17

17These are the names of the men who shall apportion the land to you for inheritance: the priest Eleazar and Joshua son of Nun.

Josh 14:1

The Distribution of Territory West of the Jordan
1These are the inheritances that the Israelites received in the land of Canaan, which the priest Eleazar, and J ... View more

Josh 24:29

Death of Joshua and Eleazar
29After these things Joshua son of Nun, the servant of the Lord, died, being one hundred ten years old.

Josh 24:33

33Eleazar son of Aaron died; and they buried him at Gibeah, the town of his son Phinehas, which had been given him in the hill country of Ephraim.

1Sam 1:1

Samuel's Birth and Dedication
1There was a certain man of Ramathaim, a Zuphite from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham son of El ... View more

1Kgs 11:26

Jeroboam's Rebellion
26Jeroboam son of Nebat, an Ephraimite of Zeredah, a servant of Solomon, whose mother's name was Zeruah, a widow, rebelled against the king ... View more

Judg 4:5

5She used to sit under the palm of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim; and the Israelites came up to her for judgment.

Judg 10:1

Tola and Jair
1After Abimelech, Tola son of Puah son of Dodo, a man of Issachar, who lived at Shamir in the hill country of Ephraim, rose to deliver Israel.

Judg 12:15

15Then Abdon son of Hillel the Pirathonite died, and was buried at Pirathon in the land of Ephraim, in the hill country of the Amalekites.

2Sam 13:23

Absalom Avenges the Violation of His Sister
23After two full years Absalom had sheepshearers at Baal-hazor, which is near Ephraim, and Absalom invited all the k ... View more

John 11:54

54Jesus therefore no longer walked about openly among the Jews, but went from there to a town called Ephraim in the region near the wilderness; and he remained ... View more

1Macc 11:34

34We have confirmed as their possession both the territory of Judea and the three districts of Aphairema and Lydda and Rathamin; the latter, with all the region ... View more

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