Esau (Ee´saw)

The elder son of Isaac and Rebekah (Gen 25-36). As such, he was entitled to the primary blessing and birthright of his family. He forfeited both, because of either his own foolishness (Gen 25:27-34) or Jacob’s trickery (Gen 27:1-45). He was the rejected son displaced by the younger one, who became the bearer of the promise. Esau is portrayed as a gracious older brother (Gen 33:1-16), but in the ongoing Hebrew tradition, Esau was linked to the territory of Edom, Israel’s rival and threat for territory (Deut 2:4-29; Jer 49:8-10; Obad 1:6-21). Through this linkage Esau became the focus of great hostility, an attitude absent from the original Genesis narrative. Esau is also mentioned in two NT writings, once in a favorable context (Heb 11:20), twice in an unfavorable one (Rom 9:13; Rom 12:16).

Gen 25-36

Abraham Marries Keturah
1Abraham took another wife, whose name was Keturah.2She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah.3Jokshan was the fath ... View more

Gen 25:27-34

27When the boys grew up, Esau was a skillful hunter, a man of the field, while Jacob was a quiet man, living in tents.28Isaac loved Esau, because he was fond of ... View more

Gen 27:1-45

Isaac Blesses Jacob
1When Isaac was old and his eyes were dim so that he could not see, he called his elder son Esau and said to him, “My son”; and he answered, ... View more

Gen 33:1-16

Jacob and Esau Meet
1Now Jacob looked up and saw Esau coming, and four hundred men with him. So he divided the children among Leah and Rachel and the two maids. ... View more

Deut 2:4-29

4and charge the people as follows: You are about to pass through the territory of your kindred, the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir. They will be afraid o ... View more

Jer 49:8-10

8Flee, turn back, get down low,
inhabitants of Dedan!
For I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him,
the time when I punish him.9If grape-gatherers came to you ... View more

Obad 1:6-21

6How Esau has been pillaged,
his treasures searched out!7All your allies have deceived you,
they have driven you to the border;
your confederates have prevailed ... View more

Heb 11:20

20By faith Isaac invoked blessings for the future on Jacob and Esau.

Rom 9:13

13As it is written,
“I have loved Jacob,
but I have hated Esau.”

Rom 12:16

16Live in harmony with one another; do not be haughty, but associate with the lowly; do not claim to be wiser than you are.

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