firstborn, first fruits, firstling

firstborn, first fruits, firstling

The firstborn male child (Exod 13:12-15; Num 18:15-16), the initial seasonal produce of agriculture (Exod 23:19; Lev 23:10; Num 15:20-21; Deut 26:1-11) and food products (Num 18:12-13; Deut 18:4; Ezek 44:30), and the first offspring of domesticated pure and impure animals (Exod 13:12-13; Lev 27:26-27; Num 18:16-18; Deut 15:19-23). These three “firsts” are all accorded a sanctified status in the Hebrew Bible. The first fruits of agriculture are given to God, and the male firstborn of humans and beasts are dedicated to God. The firstborn son inherits a double portion of his father’s estate (Deut 21:15-17; Isa 61:7), the paternal blessing (Gen 27), and succession to authority (Gen 27:29; Gen 27:37; Gen 37:21-22; 2Kgs 2:9). The Davidic king is also viewed metaphorically as God’s firstborn (Ps 89:28), an appellation the NT applies to Jesus (Heb 1:6).

Exod 13:12-15

12you shall set apart to the Lord all that first opens the womb. All the firstborn of your livestock that are males shall be the Lord's.13But every firstborn do ... View more

Num 18:15-16

15The first issue of the womb of all creatures, human and animal, which is offered to the Lord, shall be yours; but the firstborn of human beings you shall rede ... View more

Exod 23:19

19The choicest of the first fruits of your ground you shall bring into the house of the Lord your God.
You shall not boil a kid in its mother's milk.

Lev 23:10

10Speak to the people of Israel and say to them: When you enter the land that I am giving you and you reap its harvest, you shall bring the sheaf of the first f ... View more

Num 15:20-21

20From your first batch of dough you shall present a loaf as a donation; you shall present it just as you present a donation from the threshing floor.21Througho ... View more

Deut 26:1-11

First Fruits and Tithes
1When you have come into the land that the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance to possess, and you possess it, and settle in i ... View more

Num 18:12-13

12All the best of the oil and all the best of the wine and of the grain, the choice produce that they give to the Lord, I have given to you.13The first fruits o ... View more

Deut 18:4

4The first fruits of your grain, your wine, and your oil, as well as the first of the fleece of your sheep, you shall give him.

Ezek 44:30

30The first of all the first fruits of all kinds, and every offering of all kinds from all your offerings, shall belong to the priests; you shall also give to t ... View more

Exod 13:12-13

12you shall set apart to the Lord all that first opens the womb. All the firstborn of your livestock that are males shall be the Lord's.13But every firstborn do ... View more

Lev 27:26-27

26A firstling of animals, however, which as a firstling belongs to the Lord, cannot be consecrated by anyone; whether ox or sheep, it is the Lord's.27If it is a ... View more

Num 18:16-18

16Their redemption price, reckoned from one month of age, you shall fix at five shekels of silver, according to the shekel of the sanctuary (that is, twenty ger ... View more

Deut 15:19-23

The Firstborn of Livestock
19Every firstling male born of your herd and flock you shall consecrate to the Lord your God; you shall not do work with your firstli ... View more

Deut 21:15-17

The Right of the Firstborn
15If a man has two wives, one of them loved and the other disliked, and if both the loved and the disliked have borne him sons, the f ... View more

Isa 61:7

7Because their shame was double,
and dishonor was proclaimed as their lot,
therefore they shall possess a double portion;
everlasting joy shall be theirs.

Gen 27

Isaac Blesses Jacob
1When Isaac was old and his eyes were dim so that he could not see, he called his elder son Esau and said to him, “My son”; and he answered, ... View more

Gen 27:29

29Let peoples serve you,
and nations bow down to you.
Be lord over your brothers,
and may your mother's sons bow down to you.
Cursed be everyone who curses you, ... View more

Gen 27:37

37Isaac answered Esau, “I have already made him your lord, and I have given him all his brothers as servants, and with grain and wine I have sustained him. What ... View more

Gen 37:21-22

21But when Reuben heard it, he delivered him out of their hands, saying, “Let us not take his life.”22Reuben said to them, “Shed no blood; throw him into this p ... View more

2Kgs 2:9

9When they had crossed, Elijah said to Elisha, “Tell me what I may do for you, before I am taken from you.” Elisha said, “Please let me inherit a double share o ... View more

Ps 89:28

28Forever I will keep my steadfast love for him,
and my covenant with him will stand firm.

Heb 1:6

6And again, when he brings the firstborn into the world, he says,
“Let all God's angels worship him.”

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.