Aquatic gilled animals. The Bible takes fish and fishing for granted and makes no distinction between fresh- and saltwater fish, access to both of which was readily available in certain parts of the country. The major saltwater fish sources were the long coast of the Mediterranean Sea and the waters of the Gulf of Aqabah. The primary source of freshwater fish was the Sea of Galilee and some of the reaches of the Jordan River. Levitical law considered fish with fins and scales to be clean, but others unclean (Lev 11:9-12). Catfish were thus spurned among the freshwater species, along with saltwater eels, sharks, rays, and lampreys. Methods of catching fish include dragnet (John 21:8), angling with hook (Job 41:1; Amos 4:2; Matt 17:27), harpoons and spears (Job 41:7), and thrown hand nets (Matt 4:18).

Lev 11:9-12

9These you may eat, of all that are in the waters. Everything in the waters that has fins and scales, whether in the seas or in the streams—such you may eat.10B ... View more

John 21:8

8But the other disciples came in the boat, dragging the net full of fish, for they were not far from the land, only about a hundred yards off.

Job 41:1

1 “Can you draw out Leviathan with a fishhook,
or press down its tongue with a cord?

Amos 4:2

2The Lord GOD has sworn by his holiness:
The time is surely coming upon you,
when they shall take you away with hooks,
even the last of you with fishhooks.

Matt 17:27

27However, so that we do not give offense to them, go to the sea and cast a hook; take the first fish that comes up; and when you open its mouth, you will find ... View more

Job 41:7

7Can you fill its skin with harpoons,
or its head with fishing spears?

Matt 4:18

Jesus Calls the First Disciples
18As he walked by the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net int ... View more

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