Gad (Heb., “luck”)

1 Canaanite god of fortune (Isa 65:11). 2 The son of Jacob and Zilpah (Gen 30:9-11), and eponymous ancestor of the Israelite tribe of that name. Gad occupied territory between the Jabbok and Arnon Rivers, which it shared with the tribe of Reuben. The Jabbok served as the boundary between Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh. Mesha, king of Moab, ca. 830 BCE, conquered Ataroth, which “the men of Gad inhabited from of old.” Some time afterward the territory of Gad was overrun by Hazael of Damascus (2Kgs 10:32-33). The region may have been restored to Israel by Jeroboam II (2Kgs 14:25), but it was lost again to the Assyrian conqueror Tiglath-pileser, who deported its population (1Chr 5:26). 3 A prophet-seer of David (2Sam 24:11). In the Blessing of Jacob (Gen 49:19), by means of an alliterative play on the name Gad, the poet alludes to military tactics of the tribe. In the Blessing of Moses (Deut 33:20-21) Gad is described as a lioness who tears both arm and head and is praised for having performed the righteous ordinances of Yahweh. In the Song of Deborah (Judg 5:17) Gad, under the designation Gilead (Judg 12:7), is listed among those tribes that failed to participate in the war against Sisera and is chided for having remained across the Jordan.

Isa 65:11

11But you who forsake the Lord,
who forget my holy mountain,
who set a table for Fortune
and fill cups of mixed wine for Destiny;

Gen 30:9-11

9When Leah saw that she had ceased bearing children, she took her maid Zilpah and gave her to Jacob as a wife.10Then Leah's maid Zilpah bore Jacob a son.11And L ... View more

2Kgs 10:32-33

Death of Jehu
32In those days the Lord began to trim off parts of Israel. Hazael defeated them throughout the territory of Israel:33from the Jordan eastward, al ... View more

2Kgs 14:25

25He restored the border of Israel from Lebo-hamath as far as the Sea of the Arabah, according to the word of the Lord, the God of Israel, which he spoke by his ... View more

1Chr 5:26

26So the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of King Pul of Assyria, the spirit of King Tilgath-pilneser of Assyria, and he carried them away, namely, the Reube ... View more

2Sam 24:11

11When David rose in the morning, the word of the Lord came to the prophet Gad, David's seer, saying,

Gen 49:19

19Gad shall be raided by raiders,
but he shall raid at their heels.

Deut 33:20-21

20And of Gad he said:
Blessed be the enlargement of Gad!
Gad lives like a lion;
he tears at arm and scalp.21He chose the best for himself,
for there a commander ... View more

Judg 5:17

17Gilead stayed beyond the Jordan;
and Dan, why did he abide with the ships?
Asher sat still at the coast of the sea,
settling down by his landings.

Judg 12:7

7Jephthah judged Israel six years. Then Jephthah the Gileadite died, and was buried in his town in Gilead.

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.