Galatians (Gun-lay´shuhnz)

The Letter of Paul to the, the ninth book in the NT and one of the most important historical and theological documents from early Christianity. The letter contains valuable autobiographical information about Paul and his mission to the Gentiles and also lays out Paul’s theological rationale for offering the gospel to Gentiles without requiring them to become circumcised (i.e., become Jews). It is written in anger, as Paul must contend with opponents who have attacked him and his understanding of the gospel.

Outline of Contents


I. Epistolary prescript (Gal 1:1-5)

II. Introduction (exordium)

III. Statement of facts (narratio)

A. Thesis (Gal 1:12)

B. First part: from Paul’s birth to mission in Asia Minor (Gal 1:13-24)

C. Second part: Paul’s second visit in Jerusalem (the Jerusalem conference)

D. Third part: conflict at Antioch (Gal 2:11-14)

IV. Proposition (propositio)

V. Proofs (probatio)

A. First argument: the Galatians’ experience of the Spirit (Gal 3:1-5)

B. Second argument: God’s promise to Abraham (Gal 3:6-14)

C. Third argument: common human practice of law (Gal 3:15-18)

D. Digression: Jewish Torah (Gal 3:19-25)

E. Fourth argument: Christian tradition (Gal 3:26-4:11)

F. Fifth argument: friendship (Gal 4:12-20)

G. Sixth argument: allegory of Sarah and Hagar (Gal 4:21-31)

VI. Exhortation (exhortatio)

A. Warning against acceptance of Jewish Torah (Gal 5:1-12)

B. Warning against corruption of flesh (Gal 5:13-24)

C. Recommendations for the Christian life (series of sententiae)

VII. Epistolary postscript (Gal 6:11-18)

Gal 1:1-5

1Paul an apostle—sent neither by human commission nor from human authorities, but through Jesus Christ and God the Father, who raised him from the de ... View more

Gal 1:12

12for I did not receive it from a human source, nor was I taught it, but I received it through a revelation of Jesus Christ.

Gal 1:13-24

13You have heard, no doubt, of my earlier life in Judaism. I was violently persecuting the church of God and was trying to destroy it.14I advanced in Judaism be ... View more

Gal 2:11-14

Paul Rebukes Peter at Antioch
11But when Cephas came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he stood self-condemned;12for until certain people came from ... View more

Gal 3:1-5

Law or Faith
1You foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you? It was before your eyes that Jesus Christ was publicly exhibited as crucified!2The only thing I want ... View more

Gal 3:6-14

6Just as Abraham “believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness,”7so, you see, those who believe are the descendants of Abraham.8And the scripture, ... View more

Gal 3:15-18

The Promise to Abraham
15Brothers and sisters, I give an example from daily life: once a person's will has been ratified, no one adds to it or annuls it.16Now t ... View more

Gal 3:19-25

The Purpose of the Law
19Why then the law? It was added because of transgressions, until the offspring would come to whom the promise had been made; and it was ... View more

Gal 3:26-4:11

26for in Christ Jesus you are all children of God through faith.27As many of you as were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ.28There is no ... View more

Gal 4:12-20

12Friends, I beg you, become as I am, for I also have become as you are. You have done me no wrong.13You know that it was because of a physical infirmity that I ... View more

Gal 4:21-31

The Allegory of Hagar and Sarah
21Tell me, you who desire to be subject to the law, will you not listen to the law?22For it is written that Abraham had two sons ... View more

Gal 5:1-12

1For freedom Christ has set us free. Stand firm, therefore, and do not submit again to a yoke of slavery.The Nature of Christian Freedom
2Listen! I, Paul, am te ... View more

Gal 5:13-24

13For you were called to freedom, brothers and sisters; only do not use your freedom as an opportunity for self-indulgence, but through love become slaves to on ... View more

Gal 6:11-18

Final Admonitions and Benediction
11See what large letters I make when I am writing in my own hand!12It is those who want to make a good showing in the flesh th ... View more

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