genealogy

genealogy

A history of the descent of a person or group (family, tribe, or nation) from an ancestor. The term appears in both the OT and the NT (1Chr 5:1; 1Chr 5:7; 1Chr 5:17; 2Chr 31:16; Ezra 2:62; Neh 7:5; Neh 7:64; 1Tim 1:4; Titus 3:9; also Matt 1:1, NRSV). The OT contains about two dozen genealogical lists. The first is at Gen 4:17-22 (from Cain through seven generations). Other prominent lists are the generations from Adam to Noah (Gen 5:1-32), the descendants of Noah (Gen 10:1-32), the generations from Shem to Abraham (Gen 11:10-26), the descendants of Jacob (Gen 46:8-27) and Levi (Exod 6:16-25), and the list of persons and families of the postexilic community who continue the line from preexilic times (Ezra 2:2-61; Matt 2:2-6). The most extensive genealogy is in (1Chr 1:1-9:44) (Adam to the descendants of Saul). The NT genealogies of Jesus in (Matt 1:1-17 and Luke 3:23-38) establish his Davidic descent (Matt 1:1; Matt 1:6; Matt 1:17; Luke 3:31). Matthew’s genealogy also establishes Jesus’s descent from Abraham (Matt 1:1-2 Matt 1:17), while Luke’s traces Jesus’s descent from “Adam, the Son of God” (Luke 3:3).

1Chr 5:1

Descendants of Reuben
1The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel. (He was the firstborn, but because he defiled his father's bed his birthright was given to th ... View more

1Chr 5:7

7And his kindred by their families, when the genealogy of their generations was reckoned: the chief, Jeiel, and Zechariah,

1Chr 5:17

17All of these were enrolled by genealogies in the days of King Jotham of Judah, and in the days of King Jeroboam of Israel.

2Chr 31:16

16except those enrolled by genealogy, males from three years old and upwards, all who entered the house of the Lord as the duty of each day required, for their ... View more

Ezra 2:62

62These looked for their entries in the genealogical records, but they were not found there, and so they were excluded from the priesthood as unclean;

Neh 7:5

Lists of the Returned Exiles
5Then my God put it into my mind to assemble the nobles and the officials and the people to be enrolled by genealogy. And I found t ... View more

Neh 7:64

64These sought their registration among those enrolled in the genealogies, but it was not found there, so they were excluded from the priesthood as unclean;

1Tim 1:4

4and not to occupy themselves with myths and endless genealogies that promote speculations rather than the divine training that is known by faith.

Titus 3:9

9But avoid stupid controversies, genealogies, dissensions, and quarrels about the law, for they are unprofitable and worthless.

Matt 1:1

The Genealogy of Jesus the Messiah
1An account of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Gen 4:17-22

Beginnings of Civilization
17Cain knew his wife, and she conceived and bore Enoch; and he built a city, and named it Enoch after his son Enoch.18To Enoch was bo ... View more

Gen 5:1-32

Adam's Descendants to Noah and His Sons
1This is the list of the descendants of Adam. When God created humankind, he made them in the likeness of God.2Male and ... View more

Gen 10:1-32

Nations Descended from Noah
1These are the descendants of Noah's sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth; children were born to them after the flood.2The descendants of Ja ... View more

Gen 11:10-26

Descendants of Shem
10These are the descendants of Shem. When Shem was one hundred years old, he became the father of Arpachshad two years after the flood;11and ... View more

Gen 46:8-27

8Now these are the names of the Israelites, Jacob and his offspring, who came to Egypt. Reuben, Jacob's firstborn,9and the children of Reuben: Hanoch, Pallu, He ... View more

Exod 6:16-25

16The following are the names of the sons of Levi according to their genealogies: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari, and the length of Levi's life was one hundred thi ... View more

Ezra 2:2-61

2They came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum, and Baanah.
The number of the Israelite people:3the d ... View more

Matt 2:2-6

2asking, “Where is the child who has been born king of the Jews? For we observed his star at its rising, and have come to pay him homage.”3When King Herod heard ... View more

1Chr 1:1-9:44

From Adam to Abraham
1Adam, Seth, Enosh;2Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared;3Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech;4Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.5The descendants of Japheth: Gomer, Ma ... View more

Matt 1:1-17

The Genealogy of Jesus the Messiah
1An account of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham.2Abraham was the father of Isaac, and ... View more

Luke 3:23-38

The Ancestors of Jesus
23Jesus was about thirty years old when he began his work. He was the son (as was thought) of Joseph son of Heli,24son of Matthat, son of ... View more

Matt 1:1

The Genealogy of Jesus the Messiah
1An account of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Matt 1:6

6and Jesse the father of King David.
And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah,

Matt 1:17

17So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David to the deportation to Babylon, fourteen generations; and from the deport ... View more

Luke 3:31

31son of Melea, son of Menna, son of Mattatha, son of Nathan, son of David,

Matt 1:1-2

The Genealogy of Jesus the Messiah
1An account of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham.2Abraham was the father of Isaac, and ... View more

Matt 1:17

17So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David to the deportation to Babylon, fourteen generations; and from the deport ... View more

Luke 3:3

3He went into all the region around the Jordan, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins,

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