Hazael (Hay´zay-uhl; Heb., “God has seen”)

An Aramean king of Damascus during the latter half of the eighth century BCE. According to the Bible, he was to have been anointed by Elijah (1Kgs 19:15). An officer of King Ben-hadad, he was sent to learn from Elisha whether his master would recover from an illness, at which time the prophet foresaw the troubles Hazael would bring to Israel (2Kgs 8). Hazael returned and murdered Ben-hadad, then ascended the throne (v. 15). He was able to conquer Ramoth-gilead in the Transjordan (2Kgs 10:32; Amos 1:3), leaving the son of Israel’s King Jehu with only limited forces (2Kgs 13:7). After conquering Gath, his attention turned to Jerusalem, which bought its freedom with tribute (2Kgs 12:17-18). He was succeeded by his son Ben-hadad, who lost to Israel’s King Jehoash the cities Hazael had conquered (2Kgs 13:25).

1Kgs 19:15

15Then the Lord said to him, “Go, return on your way to the wilderness of Damascus; when you arrive, you shall anoint Hazael as king over Aram.

2Kgs 8

The Shunammite Woman's Land Restored
1Now Elisha had said to the woman whose son he had restored to life, “Get up and go with your household, and settle whereve ... View more

2Kgs 10:32

Death of Jehu
32In those days the Lord began to trim off parts of Israel. Hazael defeated them throughout the territory of Israel:

Amos 1:3

3Thus says the Lord:
For three transgressions of Damascus,
and for four, I will not revoke the punishment;
because they have threshed Gilead
with threshing sled ... View more

2Kgs 13:7

7So Jehoahaz was left with an army of not more than fifty horsemen, ten chariots and ten thousand footmen; for the king of Aram had destroyed them and made them ... View more

2Kgs 12:17-18

Hazael Threatens Jerusalem
17At that time King Hazael of Aram went up, fought against Gath, and took it. But when Hazael set his face to go up against Jerusalem ... View more

2Kgs 13:25

25Then Jehoash son of Jehoahaz took again from Ben-hadad son of Hazael the towns that he had taken from his father Jehoahaz in war. Three times Joash defeated h ... View more

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.