A compound of aromatic gums and spices, of which the ingredients, apparently made by skilled perfumers (Exod 37:29), are detailed in (Exod 30:34-35). It had a secular use as a costly adornment (Song 3:6, Song 4:6, Song 4:14), but the incense employed in worship was clearly distinguished and considered as specially holy (Exod 30:37-38). This was burned originally in portable censers (Lev 10:1; Lev 16:12; Num 16:17-18), but later also on the altar of incense that stood before the veil of the Holy of Holies in the Temple (Exod 40:26).

Exod 37:29

Making the Anointing Oil and the Incense
29He made the holy anointing oil also, and the pure fragrant incense, blended as by the perfumer.

Exod 30:34-35

34The Lord said to Moses: Take sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum, sweet spices with pure frankincense (an equal part of each),35and make an incense ... View more

Song 3:6

The Groom and His Party Approach
6What is that coming up from the wilderness,
like a column of smoke,
perfumed with myrrh and frankincense,
with all the fragran ... View more

Song 4:6

6Until the day breathes
and the shadows flee,
I will hasten to the mountain of myrrh
and the hill of frankincense.

Song 4:14

14nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon,
with all trees of frankincense,
myrrh and aloes,
with all chief spices—

Exod 30:37-38

37When you make incense according to this composition, you shall not make it for yourselves; it shall be regarded by you as holy to the Lord.38Whoever makes any ... View more

Lev 10:1

Nadab and Abihu
1Now Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, each took his censer, put fire in it, and laid incense on it; and they offered unholy fire before the Lord, ... View more

Lev 16:12

12He shall take a censer full of coals of fire from the altar before the Lord, and two handfuls of crushed sweet incense, and he shall bring it inside the curta ... View more

Num 16:17-18

17and let each one of you take his censer, and put incense on it, and each one of you present his censer before the Lord, two hundred fifty censers; you also, a ... View more

Exod 40:26

26He put the golden altar in the tent of meeting before the curtain,

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