In ancient times a costly material derived from the tusks of elephants (or sometimes hippopotami) and used for jewelry and various other luxury items. Ivory is mentioned a number of times in the OT. Solomon’s fleet of ships, on its three-year voyages, brought back ivory along with gold, apes, peacocks, and other exotic items (1Kgs 10:22; 2Chr 9:21). Solomon had his “great throne” inlaid with ivory (1Kgs 10:18). “Palaces adorned with ivory” are mentioned in (Ps 45:8); and in (Song 5:14) the exquisite body of the lover is compared to polished ivory. Amos prophesies against the “palaces of ivory” of the Northern Kingdom (Amos 3:15); and he scornfully refers to the “beds of ivory” (i.e., beds inlaid with ivory) upon which the aristocratic women of Samaria lie (Amos 6:4).

1Kgs 10:22

22For the king had a fleet of ships of Tarshish at sea with the fleet of Hiram. Once every three years the fleet of ships of Tarshish used to come bringing gold ... View more

2Chr 9:21

21For the king's ships went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram; once every three years the ships of Tarshish used to come bringing gold, silver, ivory, apes ... View more

1Kgs 10:18

18The king also made a great ivory throne, and overlaid it with the finest gold.

Ps 45:8

8your robes are all fragrant with myrrh and aloes and cassia.
From ivory palaces stringed instruments make you glad;

Song 5:14

14His arms are rounded gold,
set with jewels.
His body is ivory work,
encrusted with sapphires.

Amos 3:15

15I will tear down the winter house as well as the summer house;
and the houses of ivory shall perish,
and the great houses shall come to an end,
says the Lord. ... View more

Amos 6:4

4Alas for those who lie on beds of ivory,
and lounge on their couches,
and eat lambs from the flock,
and calves from the stall;

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