Jesus Christ

Jesus Christ

The central figure of the NT and primary object of Christian faith. The four Gospels recount the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus, while other NT writings focus on matters of faith and faithfulness important to those who place their trust in him as their Lord and Savior. The name Jesus is derived from a Hebrew word that means “savior” (Matt 1:21), and the title “Christ” (Heb., “messiah”) means “anointed,” referring to one commissioned by God for a special task. Much of what the New Testament says about Jesus is now confirmed though historical scholarship. He was a celibate, Jewish man who taught in parables, befriended outcasts, and spoke of God’s kingdom (or “reign”) as a present reality. He gained a reputation as a miracle worker, proclaimed an ethic of radical love, and was eventually crucified by the Roman government with the approval of Jewish aristocracy. His followers maintained that he rose from the dead and appeared to them alive. The NT also maintains that Jesus was miraculously born to a virgin (Matt 1:18-25; Luke 1:26-38; Luke 2:1-20), that he was the promised Jewish Messiah, and that he lived on earth as the supreme representation of God. He came to be extolled as one who had existed from the beginning and who had participated in creation (John 1:1-3). Further, he was identified as the coming Judge who would distribute recompense at the end of time (Matt 16:27). Indeed, Christians began worshiping Jesus and praying to him soon after Easter. For Paul, Christians were almost definitively “those who call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ” (1Cor 1:2). Christ’s unity with God was first expressed as a relationship of Son to Father, but this metaphor was applied with ever greater intimacy (Matt 11:27; John 14:8-10). Such reflection both stimulated and was stimulated by an ongoing interpretation of Jesus’s earthly life, particularly his last days. His final meal came to be understood as the institution of a sacrament, his death as an atonement for sin, and his resurrection as the beginning of a new age of salvation.

Matt 1:21

21She will bear a son, and you are to name him Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.”

Matt 1:18-25

The Birth of Jesus the Messiah
18Now the birth of Jesus the Messiah took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been engaged to Joseph, but before they liv ... View more

Luke 1:26-38

The Birth of Jesus Foretold
26In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth,27to a virgin engaged to a man whose nam ... View more

Luke 2:1-20

The Birth of Jesus
1In those days a decree went out from Emperor Augustus that all the world should be registered.2This was the first registration and was taken ... View more

John 1:1-3

The Word Became Flesh
1In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.2He was in the beginning with God.3All things came into be ... View more

Matt 16:27

27“For the Son of Man is to come with his angels in the glory of his Father, and then he will repay everyone for what has been done.

1Cor 1:2

2To the church of God that is in Corinth, to those who are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, together with all those who in every place call on t ... View more

Matt 11:27

27All things have been handed over to me by my Father; and no one knows the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and anyone to whom ... View more

John 14:8-10

8Philip said to him, “Lord, show us the Father, and we will be satisfied.”9Jesus said to him, “Have I been with you all this time, Philip, and you still do not ... View more

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