John the Baptist

John the Baptist

Or John the Baptizer, an important figure in each of the four NT Gospels. He is identified with the beginning of Jesus’s ministry and understood as the forerunner to Jesus the Messiah. He is portrayed as a prophet who came out of the desert to proclaim the advent of the kingdom of God and issue a call to repentance (Matt 3:1-12; Mark 1:4-8; Luke 3:1-20). According to Luke, he was of priestly descent, the son of Zechariah and Elizabeth (Luke 1:5-80, Luke 3:2), and John and Jesus were related (Luke 1:36). Matthew and Mark describe John’s appearance and diet (Matt 3:4; Mark 1:6). He baptized those who repented of their sins and announced the coming of one after him who would be greater than he and who would baptize with the Spirit. Thus, John is cast into a role like Elijah’s (Matt 11:7-15; Matt 17:10-13; Mark 9:11-13; Mal 4:5-6). He is arrested, imprisoned, and eventually beheaded by Herod Antipas (Mark 1:14; Mark 6:17-29). The Gospels also present John as the person who baptized Jesus, and yet as one who conveys his own recognition that Jesus’s ministry has priority over his own (Matt 3:11-12; Mark 1:7-8; Luke 3:16-17; John 1:26-27). Further attestation to the effectiveness of the ministry of John the Baptist is found in Acts, where on two occasions Christians encounter disciples of John who, after being further instructed, are received into the church (Priscilla and Aquila meet Apollos in (Acts 18:24-28, and Paul meets twelve such disciples, perhaps associated with Apollos, in Acts 19:1-7).

Matt 3:1-12

The Proclamation of John the Baptist
1In those days John the Baptist appeared in the wilderness of Judea, proclaiming,2“Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has co ... View more

Mark 1:4-8

4John the baptizer appeared in the wilderness, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins.5And people from the whole Judean countryside and ... View more

Luke 3:1-20

The Proclamation of John the Baptist
1In the fifteenth year of the reign of Emperor Tiberius, when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, and Herod was ruler of ... View more

Luke 1:5-80

The Birth of John the Baptist Foretold
5In the days of King Herod of Judea, there was a priest named Zechariah, who belonged to the priestly order of Abijah. Hi ... View more

Luke 3:2

2during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the wilderness.

Luke 1:36

36And now, your relative Elizabeth in her old age has also conceived a son; and this is the sixth month for her who was said to be barren.

Matt 3:4

4Now John wore clothing of camel's hair with a leather belt around his waist, and his food was locusts and wild honey.

Mark 1:6

6Now John was clothed with camel's hair, with a leather belt around his waist, and he ate locusts and wild honey.

Matt 11:7-15

Jesus Praises John the Baptist
7As they went away, Jesus began to speak to the crowds about John: “What did you go out into the wilderness to look at? A reed sh ... View more

Matt 17:10-13

10And the disciples asked him, “Why, then, do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?”11He replied, “Elijah is indeed coming and will restore all things;12 ... View more

Mark 9:11-13

11Then they asked him, “Why do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?”12He said to them, “Elijah is indeed coming first to restore all things. How then is ... View more

Mal 4:5-6

5Lo, I will send you the prophet Elijah before the great and terrible day of the Lord comes.6He will turn the hearts of parents to their children and the hearts ... View more

Mark 1:14

The Beginning of the Galilean Ministry
14Now after John was arrested, Jesus came to Galilee, proclaiming the good news of God,

Mark 6:17-29

17For Herod himself had sent men who arrested John, bound him, and put him in prison on account of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife, because Herod had marrie ... View more

Matt 3:11-12

11“I baptize you with water for repentance, but one who is more powerful than I is coming after me; I am not worthy to carry his sandals. He will baptize you wi ... View more

Mark 1:7-8

7He proclaimed, “The one who is more powerful than I is coming after me; I am not worthy to stoop down and untie the thong of his sandals.8I have baptized you w ... View more

Luke 3:16-17

16John answered all of them by saying, “I baptize you with water; but one who is more powerful than I is coming; I am not worthy to untie the thong of his sanda ... View more

John 1:26-27

26John answered them, “I baptize with water. Among you stands one whom you do not know,27the one who is coming after me; I am not worthy to untie the thong of h ... View more

Acts 18:24-28

Ministry of Apollos
24Now there came to Ephesus a Jew named Apollos, a native of Alexandria. He was an eloquent man, well-versed in the scriptures.25He had been ... View more

Acts 19:1-7

Paul in Ephesus
1While Apollos was in Corinth, Paul passed through the interior regions and came to Ephesus, where he found some disciples.2He said to them, “Di ... View more

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