Judas (Joo´duhs; Gk. for the Heb. Judah)

1 Judas, the son of Jacob (Matt 1:2-3). 2 Judas, an ancestor of Jesus (Luke 3:30). 3 Judas Maccabeus, the third of the five sons of Mattathias. When officers of Antiochus IV Epiphanies sought to force Mattathias and his family to apostasize, Mattathias rose up in defense of the law and the covenant and led his sons into the wilderness in revolt (1Macc 2:15-48). Upon the death of his father, Judas successfully led Israel in numerous battles against the Syrians, after which the Temple was purified (1Macc 4:36-61; John 10:22). Judas continued to lead Israel in battle with great success, liberating Jews from surrounding territories and even making a treaty with Rome. He finally fell in battle in 160 BCE (1Macc 9:1-18). 4 Judas of Galilee, a Jewish leader who led a revolt against Rome during the census of Quirinius (Acts 5:37). Josephus credits him with founding the “sect” of the Zealots. 5 Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve apostles, the son of Simon Iscariot. He is to be distinguished from the other apostle called Judas (John 14:22). Judas possessed a privileged position among the apostles as treasurer of the group (John 12:5-6; John 13:29). Why he betrayed Jesus is uncertain. Some suggestions are that he did it after being convinced that Jesus truly planned to die (Mark 14:3-11) or that he did it for money (Matt 26:14-16). The betrayal consisted of indicating to authorities how Jesus could be arrested privately (Mark 14:1-2). Upon reflecting on what he had done, Judas experienced remorse and sought to undo his evil deed (Matt 27:3-4), but it was not possible. In sorrow he hanged himself (Matt 27:5). According to Acts, he fell headlong, his body split open, and his bowels fell out (Acts 1:18). 6 Judas, the son of James and one of the apostles (Luke 6:16; Acts 1:13; John 14:22). This is probably the Thaddaeus of (Matt 10:3; Mark 3:18). The qualification of Judas in these latter two passages only makes sense if there were another Judas in the group. 7 Judas, one of the four brothers of Jesus (Mark 6:3), traditionally identified as the author of Jude. 8 Judas, a man to whose home in Damascus the blind Saul was brought (Acts 9:11). 9 Judas Barsabbas, a leader in the Jerusalem church chosen along with Silas to accompany Paul and Barnabas back to Antioch in order to announce the apostolic decree (Acts 15:22-23). It is possible that he and Joseph (Acts 1:23) were brothers.

Matt 1:2-3

2Abraham was the father of Isaac, and Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers,3and Judah the father of Perez and Zerah by Tama ... View more

Luke 3:30

30son of Simeon, son of Judah, son of Joseph, son of Jonam, son of Eliakim,

1Macc 2:15-48

Pagan Worship Refused
15The king's officers who were enforcing the apostasy came to the town of Modein to make them offer sacrifice.16Many from Israel came to t ... View more

1Macc 4:36-61

Cleansing and Dedication of the Temple
36Then Judas and his brothers said, “See, our enemies are crushed; let us go up to cleanse the sanctuary and dedicate it. ... View more

John 10:22

Jesus Is Rejected by the Jews
22At that time the festival of the Dedication took place in Jerusalem. It was winter,

1Macc 9:1-18

Bacchides Returns to Judea
1When Demetrius heard that Nicanor and his army had fallen in battle, he sent Bacchides and Alcimus into the land of Judah a second t ... View more

Acts 5:37

37After him Judas the Galilean rose up at the time of the census and got people to follow him; he also perished, and all who followed him were scattered.

John 14:22

22Judas (not Iscariot) said to him, “Lord, how is it that you will reveal yourself to us, and not to the world?”

John 12:5-6

5“Why was this perfume not sold for three hundred denarii and the money given to the poor?”6(He said this not because he cared about the poor, but because he wa ... View more

John 13:29

29Some thought that, because Judas had the common purse, Jesus was telling him, “Buy what we need for the festival”; or, that he should give something to the po ... View more

Mark 14:3-11

The Anointing at Bethany
3While he was at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at the table, a woman came with an alabaster jar of very costly oin ... View more

Matt 26:14-16

Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus
14Then one of the twelve, who was called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests15and said, “What will you give me if I betray hi ... View more

Mark 14:1-2

The Plot to Kill Jesus
1It was two days before the Passover and the festival of Unleavened Bread. The chief priests and the scribes were looking for a way to ar ... View more

Matt 27:3-4

The Suicide of Judas
3When Judas, his betrayer, saw that Jesus was condemned, he repented and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and ... View more

Matt 27:5

5Throwing down the pieces of silver in the temple, he departed; and he went and hanged himself.

Acts 1:18

18(Now this man acquired a field with the reward of his wickedness; and falling headlong, he burst open in the middle and all his bowels gushed out.

Luke 6:16

16and Judas son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor.

Acts 1:13

13When they had entered the city, they went to the room upstairs where they were staying, Peter, and John, and James, and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew ... View more

John 14:22

22Judas (not Iscariot) said to him, “Lord, how is it that you will reveal yourself to us, and not to the world?”

Matt 10:3

3Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus;

Mark 3:18

18and Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Cananaean,

Mark 6:3

3Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon, and are not his sisters here with us?” And they took offense at ... View more

Acts 9:11

11The Lord said to him, “Get up and go to the street called Straight, and at the house of Judas look for a man of Tarsus named Saul. At this moment he is prayin ... View more

Acts 15:22-23

The Council's Letter to Gentile Believers
22Then the apostles and the elders, with the consent of the whole church, decided to choose men from among their membe ... View more

Acts 1:23

23So they proposed two, Joseph called Barsabbas, who was also known as Justus, and Matthias.

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