In the OT a disorder affecting humans, fabrics, and houses. Different types of leprosy afflict persons (Lev 13). Though it is not clear what these skin diseases are, it is certain that they are not modern leprosy (Hansen’s disease). The plague in fabrics and houses is described as greenish or reddish spots (Lev 13:49; Lev 14:37), thus indicating a type of mold or mildew. Persons or objects afflicted with leprosy could pollute others. Anyone who enters a leprous house must bathe. If a person tarries there by eating or lying down, both bathing and laundering are necessary (Lev 14:46-47). A leper is to be excluded from habitations (Lev 13:45-46; Num 12:15; 2Kgs 7:3-4). When the person recovers from the affliction, purification rites are performed (Lev 14:2-20; Lev 21-32:2). Similar rites are performed for a renovated house (Lev 14:48-53). These purification rites are not for the removal of leprosy, but only for the removal of ritual impurity (Mark 1:44). Fabrics infected with leprosy are to be burned (Lev 13:52; Lev 13:55; Lev 13:57) and building materials so infected must be discarded outside the habitation (Lev 14:40-41, (Lev 14:45). There is some evidence that leprosy was sometimes considered a punishment from God for sin (Num 12:10-15; 2Kgs 5:27; 2Kgs 15:5; 2Chr 26:20-21), and the Gospels report that Jesus healed people afflicted with leprosy (Matt 8:1-4; Luke 17:11-19) and commissioned his disciples to do the same (Matt 10:8). Jesus is also reported to have visited the home of Simon the leper (Mark 14:3).

Lev 13

Leprosy, Varieties and Symptoms
1The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:2When a person has on the skin of his body a swelling or an eruption or a spot, and i ... View more

Lev 13:49

49if the disease shows greenish or reddish in the garment, whether in warp or woof or in skin or in anything made of skin, it is a leprous disease and shall be ... View more

Lev 14:37

37He shall examine the disease; if the disease is in the walls of the house with greenish or reddish spots, and if it appears to be deeper than the surface,

Lev 14:46-47

46All who enter the house while it is shut up shall be unclean until the evening;47and all who sleep in the house shall wash their clothes; and all who eat in t ... View more

Lev 13:45-46

45The person who has the leprous disease shall wear torn clothes and let the hair of his head be disheveled; and he shall cover his upper lip and cry out, “Uncl ... View more

Num 12:15

15So Miriam was shut out of the camp for seven days; and the people did not set out on the march until Miriam had been brought in again.

2Kgs 7:3-4

The Arameans Flee
3Now there were four leprous men outside the city gate, who said to one another, “Why should we sit here until we die?4If we say, ‘Let us ente ... View more

Lev 14:2-20

2This shall be the ritual for the leprous person at the time of his cleansing:
He shall be brought to the priest;3the priest shall go out of the camp, and the p ... View more

Lev 21-32:2

The Holiness of Priests
1The Lord said to Moses: Speak to the priests, the sons of Aaron, and say to them:
No one shall defile himself for a dead person among h ... View more

Lev 14:48-53

48If the priest comes and makes an inspection, and the disease has not spread in the house after the house was plastered, the priest shall pronounce the house c ... View more

Mark 1:44

44saying to him, “See that you say nothing to anyone; but go, show yourself to the priest, and offer for your cleansing what Moses commanded, as a testimony to ... View more

Lev 13:52

52He shall burn the clothing, whether diseased in warp or woof, woolen or linen, or anything of skin, for it is a spreading leprous disease; it shall be burned ... View more

Lev 13:55

55The priest shall examine the diseased article after it has been washed. If the diseased spot has not changed color, though the disease has not spread, it is u ... View more

Lev 13:57

57If it appears again in the garment, in warp or woof, or in anything of skin, it is spreading; you shall burn with fire that in which the disease appears.

Lev 14:40-41

40the priest shall command that the stones in which the disease appears be taken out and thrown into an unclean place outside the city.41He shall have the insid ... View more

Lev 14:45

45He shall have the house torn down, its stones and timber and all the plaster of the house, and taken outside the city to an unclean place.

Num 12:10-15

10When the cloud went away from over the tent, Miriam had become leprous, as white as snow. And Aaron turned towards Miriam and saw that she was leprous.11Then ... View more

2Kgs 5:27

27Therefore the leprosy of Naaman shall cling to you, and to your descendants forever.” So he left his presence leprous, as white as snow.

2Kgs 15:5

5The Lord struck the king, so that he was leprous to the day of his death, and lived in a separate house. Jotham the king's son was in charge of the palace, gov ... View more

2Chr 26:20-21

20When the chief priest Azariah, and all the priests, looked at him, he was leprous in his forehead. They hurried him out, and he himself hurried to get out, be ... View more

Matt 8:1-4

Jesus Cleanses a Leper
1When Jesus had come down from the mountain, great crowds followed him;2and there was a leper who came to him and knelt before him, sayin ... View more

Luke 17:11-19

Jesus Cleanses Ten Lepers
11On the way to Jerusalem Jesus was going through the region between Samaria and Galilee.12As he entered a village, ten lepers approac ... View more

Matt 10:8

8Cure the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons. You received without payment; give without payment.

Mark 14:3

The Anointing at Bethany
3While he was at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at the table, a woman came with an alabaster jar of very costly oin ... View more

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