A title of dignity and honor acknowledging the power and authority of the one so addressed. 1 When used to address an individual and not as a title for God or Christ, a term conveying esteem to a leader from his people (Num 32:25; Acts 25:26) or a master from a slave (Gen 44:6-17; Matt 18:23-35). It can refer to secular heads of tribes or nations (Judg 3:3; Judg 16:5; 1Sam 5:8; Isa 16:8) or even to an entire class of nobles (Dan 1:10). It is over human lords such as these that God is “King of kings and Lord of lords” (1Tim 6:15; Rev 19:16). As a verb (“to lord over”) the term is used occasionally to describe high-handed behavior (Neh 5:15; Eccl 8:9), the very antithesis of the style Jesus commands of his disciples (Luke 22:24-27; 2Cor 1:24). 2 In the OT, “Lord,” a translation of various titles and names for God. Christians likewise applied the term to Jesus with an ambiguity that allowed him to be identified as a person deserving supreme respect, as the messianic king of Israel, or as one equivalent to God. Context determines which shade of meaning is intended (see, e.g., Acts 2:36). In any case, the term applied to Jesus an authority that, in the Roman world, was also claimed by Caesar (Luke 2:11; Acts 25:26).

Num 32:25

25Then the Gadites and the Reubenites said to Moses, “Your servants will do as my lord commands.

Acts 25:26

26But I have nothing definite to write to our sovereign about him. Therefore I have brought him before all of you, and especially before you, King Agrippa, so t ... View more

Gen 44:6-17

6When he overtook them, he repeated these words to them.7They said to him, “Why does my lord speak such words as these? Far be it from your servants that they s ... View more

Matt 18:23-35

The Parable of the Unforgiving Servant
23“For this reason the kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who wished to settle accounts with his slaves.24When h ... View more

Judg 3:3

3the five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites who lived on Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal-hermon as far as Lebo ... View more

Judg 16:5

5The lords of the Philistines came to her and said to her, “Coax him, and find out what makes his strength so great, and how we may overpower him, so that we ma ... View more

1Sam 5:8

8So they sent and gathered together all the lords of the Philistines, and said, “What shall we do with the ark of the God of Israel?” The inhabitants of Gath re ... View more

Isa 16:8

8For the fields of Heshbon languish,
and the vines of Sibmah,
whose clusters once made drunk
the lords of the nations,
reached to Jazer
and strayed to the deser ... View more

Dan 1:10

10The palace master said to Daniel, “I am afraid of my lord the king; he has appointed your food and your drink. If he should see you in poorer condition than t ... View more

1Tim 6:15

15which he will bring about at the right time—he who is the blessed and only Sovereign, the King of kings and Lord of lords.

Rev 19:16

16On his robe and on his thigh he has a name inscribed, “King of kings and Lord of lords.”

Neh 5:15

15The former governors who were before me laid heavy burdens on the people, and took food and wine from them, besides forty shekels of silver. Even their servan ... View more

Eccl 8:9

9All this I observed, applying my mind to all that is done under the sun, while one person exercises authority over another to the other's hurt.

Luke 22:24-27

The Dispute about Greatness
24A dispute also arose among them as to which one of them was to be regarded as the greatest.25But he said to them, “The kings of th ... View more

2Cor 1:24

24I do not mean to imply that we lord it over your faith; rather, we are workers with you for your joy, because you stand firm in the faith.

Acts 2:36

36Therefore let the entire house of Israel know with certainty that God has made him both Lord and Messiah, this Jesus whom you crucified.”

Luke 2:11

11to you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is the Messiah, the Lord.

Acts 25:26

26But I have nothing definite to write to our sovereign about him. Therefore I have brought him before all of you, and especially before you, King Agrippa, so t ... View more

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