The physical and spiritual union of a man and a woman. Although polygamous marriages are known in the Bible (Gen 29:15-30) and some of Israel’s kings kept large harems, monogamous marriage clearly became the ideal and normative expectation (Gen 2:21-24; Mark 10:6-9). Marriage was typically conducted when an unmarried woman, living in her father’s house, was transferred into her husband’s jurisdiction by his payment of the “bride price” to her father (Gen 34:12). Sexual faithfulness within marriage was an emphatic ideal (Prov 5:18-19), such that prohibition of adultery became one of the Ten Commandments central to the moral code of the Torah (Exod 20:14; Deut 5:18). Marriage, therefore, became a primary metaphor with which to describe the relationship between God and Israel (Hos 3). Prostitution was strongly condemned and often appears as a metaphor for grave sins associated with idolatry (Exod 34:15; Deut 31:16; Judg 2:17; Hos 9:1). The married couple were expected to develop a bond of mutual love and respect, which they, in turn, would pass on to their children. A marriage could, however, be ended by the husband upon the presentation of a written bill of divorce permitting the wife to remarry (Deut 24:1-2); in (Mark 10:2-9), Jesus distinguishes such allowance from obedience to God’s will). There was no law among biblical Israelites that allowed the woman to initiate divorce. Another law specified in ()Deut 25:5-10) states hat the brother of a man who dies without a son has an obligation to marry the widow and bear a son to succeed to the name of the brother who had died; this was called “levirate marriage.” In the NT, marriage is often used figuratively in connection with the kingdom of God (Matt 25:1-13; Luke 14:16-24; Rev 19:7; Rev 19:9), but it is an institution for the present rather than the future age (Mark 12:25; 1Cor 7:8). It is nevertheless not to be taken lightly (Mark 10:9; 1Cor 7:10-11; Heb 13:4); divorce (which in the NT world the wife could also initiate) is only for the gravest of reasons (Matt 19:9). The advice against marriage found in Paul’s first Letter to Corinth owes to his expectation of the end of the present age, rather than to a negative view of the institution as such (1Cor 7:26-31).

Gen 29:15-30

Jacob Marries Laban's Daughters
15Then Laban said to Jacob, “Because you are my kinsman, should you therefore serve me for nothing? Tell me, what shall your wag ... View more

Gen 2:21-24

21So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then he took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh.22And the rib that the ... View more

Mark 10:6-9

6But from the beginning of creation, ‘God made them male and female.’7‘For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife,8and th ... View more

Gen 34:12

12Put the marriage present and gift as high as you like, and I will give whatever you ask me; only give me the girl to be my wife.”

Prov 5:18-19

18Let your fountain be blessed,
and rejoice in the wife of your youth,19a lovely deer, a graceful doe.
May her breasts satisfy you at all times;
may you be into ... View more

Exod 20:14

14You shall not commit adultery.

Deut 5:18

18Neither shall you commit adultery.

Hos 3

Further Assurances of God's Redeeming Love
1The Lord said to me again, “Go, love a woman who has a lover and is an adulteress, just as the Lord loves the people ... View more

Exod 34:15

15You shall not make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, for when they prostitute themselves to their gods and sacrifice to their gods, someone among t ... View more

Deut 31:16

16The Lord said to Moses, “Soon you will lie down with your ancestors. Then this people will begin to prostitute themselves to the foreign gods in their midst, ... View more

Judg 2:17

17Yet they did not listen even to their judges; for they lusted after other gods and bowed down to them. They soon turned aside from the way in which their ance ... View more

Hos 9:1

Punishment for Israel's Sin
1Do not rejoice, O Israel!
Do not exult as other nations do;
for you have played the whore, departing from your God.
You have loved ... View more

Deut 24:1-2

Laws concerning Marriage and Divorce
1Suppose a man enters into marriage with a woman, but she does not please him because he finds something objectionable abou ... View more

Mark 10:2-9

2Some Pharisees came, and to test him they asked, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?”3He answered them, “What did Moses command you?”4They said, “Mose ... View more

)Deut 25:5-10

Levirate Marriage
5When brothers reside together, and one of them dies and has no son, the wife of the deceased shall not be married outside the family to a str ... View more

Matt 25:1-13

The Parable of the Ten Bridesmaids
1“Then the kingdom of heaven will be like this. Ten bridesmaids took their lamps and went to meet the bridegroom.2Five of the ... View more

Luke 14:16-24

16Then Jesus said to him, “Someone gave a great dinner and invited many.17At the time for the dinner he sent his slave to say to those who had been invited, ‘Co ... View more

Rev 19:7

7Let us rejoice and exult
and give him the glory,
for the marriage of the Lamb has come,
and his bride has made herself ready;

Rev 19:9

9And the angel said to me, “Write this: Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb.” And he said to me, “These are true words of God.”

Mark 12:25

25For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven.

1Cor 7:8

8To the unmarried and the widows I say that it is well for them to remain unmarried as I am.

Mark 10:9

9Therefore what God has joined together, let no one separate.”

1Cor 7:10-11

10To the married I give this command—not I but the Lord—that the wife should not separate from her husband11(but if she does separate, let her remain unmarried ... View more

Heb 13:4

4Let marriage be held in honor by all, and let the marriage bed be kept undefiled; for God will judge fornicators and adulterers.

Matt 19:9

9And I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except for unchastity, and marries another commits adultery.”

1Cor 7:26-31

26I think that, in view of the impending crisis, it is well for you to remain as you are.27Are you bound to a wife? Do not seek to be free. Are you free from a ... View more

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