messiah (Muh-si´uh; Heb., “anointed one”)

An anointed agent of God appointed to a task affecting the lot of the chosen people. At first, the title “messiah” was employed for unnamed historic kings of Israel (1Sam 2:10; Ps 2:2; Ps 20:6; Ps 28:8; Ps 84:9) or for named kings, Saul (1Sam 12:3; 1Sam 12:5; 1Sam 24:7), David (2Sam 19:22; 2Sam 22:51; 2Sam 23:1; Ps 18:50; Ps 89:38; Ps 89:51; Ps 132:10; Ps 132:17), Solomon (2Chr 6:42), Zedekiah (Lam 4:20), and even the pagan Cyrus (Isa 45:1). In the postexilic period, when the monarchy was no more, the title was used for the high priest (Lev 4:3; Lev 4:5; Lev 4:16; Lev 6:22). Rarely it was applied to patriarchs or prophets (Ps 105:15; 1Chr 16:22); once it may refer to Israel itself (Hab 3:13). Jeremiah prophesied the restoration of the Davidic dynasty; however, the title “messiah” was not associated with the coming of the future king who would effect this restoration. None of the prophetic books of the OT uses “messiah” as a title for such a coming king except for Daniel, which refers to the coming of an “anointed prince” (Dan 9:25). The Greek term for Christ (christos) was used in the LXX to translate Hebrew “messiah.” In the earliest writings of the NT this term has already become the second name of Jesus (called “Jesus Christ,” 1Thess 1:1, 1Thess 1:3; 1Thess 5:9; Gal 1:1; 1Cor 1:1). Paul sometimes inverted the names (“Christ Jesus,” 1Thess 2:14; 1Thess 5:18), possibly because he perceived “Christ” as a title rather than as a proper name. In any case, the term “Christ”/“Messiah” identified Jesus as the one who has fulfilled the Jewish expectations of old (Rom 9:5). The Christian confession that Jesus is “Messiah” played its primary role in Christian debates with Judaism. This is evident in the missionary speeches of Acts (Acts 2:31-32; Acts 2:36; Acts 3:18; Acts 5:42; Acts 17:3; Acts 18:5; Acts 18:28) and in certain passages in the Fourth Gospel (John 1:41; John 4:29; John 7:26-31; John 10:24; John 11:27; John 12:34; John 20:31).

1Sam 2:10

10The Lord! His adversaries shall be shattered;
the Most High will thunder in heaven.
The Lord will judge the ends of the earth;
he will give strength to his ki ... View more

Ps 2:2

2The kings of the earth set themselves,
and the rulers take counsel together,
against the Lord and his anointed, saying,

Ps 20:6

6Now I know that the Lord will help his anointed;
he will answer him from his holy heaven
with mighty victories by his right hand.

Ps 28:8

8The Lord is the strength of his people;
he is the saving refuge of his anointed.

Ps 84:9

9Behold our shield, O God;
look on the face of your anointed.

1Sam 12:3

3Here I am; testify against me before the Lord and before his anointed. Whose ox have I taken? Or whose donkey have I taken? Or whom have I defrauded? Whom have ... View more

1Sam 12:5

5He said to them, “The Lord is witness against you, and his anointed is witness this day, that you have not found anything in my hand.” And they said, “He is wi ... View more

1Sam 24:7

7So David scolded his men severely and did not permit them to attack Saul. Then Saul got up and left the cave, and went on his way.

2Sam 19:22

22But David said, “What have I to do with you, you sons of Zeruiah, that you should today become an adversary to me? Shall anyone be put to death in Israel this ... View more

2Sam 22:51

51He is a tower of salvation for his king,
and shows steadfast love to his anointed,
to David and his descendants forever.

2Sam 23:1

The Last Words of David
1Now these are the last words of David:
The oracle of David, son of Jesse,
the oracle of the man whom God exalted,
the anointed of the G ... View more

Ps 18:50

50Great triumphs he gives to his king,
and shows steadfast love to his anointed,
to David and his descendants forever.

Ps 89:38

38But now you have spurned and rejected him;
you are full of wrath against your anointed.

Ps 89:51

51with which your enemies taunt, O Lord,
with which they taunted the footsteps of your anointed.

Ps 132:10

10For your servant David's sake
do not turn away the face of your anointed one.

Ps 132:17

17There I will cause a horn to sprout up for David;
I have prepared a lamp for my anointed one.

2Chr 6:42

42O Lord God, do not reject your anointed one.
Remember your steadfast love for your servant David.”

Lam 4:20

20The Lord's anointed, the breath of our life,
was taken in their pits—
the one of whom we said, “Under his shadow
we shall live among the nations.”

Isa 45:1

Cyrus, God's Instrument
1Thus says the Lord to his anointed, to Cyrus,
whose right hand I have grasped
to subdue nations before him
and strip kings of their rob ... View more

Lev 4:3

3If it is the anointed priest who sins, thus bringing guilt on the people, he shall offer for the sin that he has committed a bull of the herd without blemish a ... View more

Lev 4:5

5The anointed priest shall take some of the blood of the bull and bring it into the tent of meeting.

Lev 4:16

16The anointed priest shall bring some of the blood of the bull into the tent of meeting,

Lev 6:22

22And so the priest, anointed from among Aaron's descendants as a successor, shall prepare it; it is the Lord's—a perpetual due—to be turned entirely into smoke ... View more

Ps 105:15

15saying, “Do not touch my anointed ones;
do my prophets no harm.”

1Chr 16:22

22saying, “Do not touch my anointed ones;
do my prophets no harm.”

Hab 3:13

13You came forth to save your people,
to save your anointed.
You crushed the head of the wicked house,
laying it bare from foundation to roof. Selah

Dan 9:25

25Know therefore and understand: from the time that the word went out to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the time of an anointed prince, there shall be seve ... View more

1Thess 1:1

1Paul, Silvanus, and Timothy,
To the church of the Thessalonians in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ:
Grace to you and peace.

1Thess 1:3

3remembering before our God and Father your work of faith and labor of love and steadfastness of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ.

1Thess 5:9

9For God has destined us not for wrath but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ,

Gal 1:1

1Paul an apostle—sent neither by human commission nor from human authorities, but through Jesus Christ and God the Father, who raised him from the de ... View more

1Cor 1:1

1Paul, called to be an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, and our brother Sosthenes,

1Thess 2:14

14For you, brothers and sisters, became imitators of the churches of God in Christ Jesus that are in Judea, for you suffered the same things from your own compa ... View more

1Thess 5:18

18give thanks in all circumstances; for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus for you.

Rom 9:5

5to them belong the patriarchs, and from them, according to the flesh, comes the Messiah, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen.

Acts 2:31-32

31Foreseeing this, David spoke of the resurrection of the Messiah, saying,
‘He was not abandoned to Hades,
nor did his flesh experience corruption.’32This Jesus ... View more

Acts 2:36

36Therefore let the entire house of Israel know with certainty that God has made him both Lord and Messiah, this Jesus whom you crucified.”

Acts 3:18

18In this way God fulfilled what he had foretold through all the prophets, that his Messiah would suffer.

Acts 5:42

42And every day in the temple and at home they did not cease to teach and proclaim Jesus as the Messiah.

Acts 17:3

3explaining and proving that it was necessary for the Messiah to suffer and to rise from the dead, and saying, “This is the Messiah, Jesus whom I am proclaiming ... View more

Acts 18:5

5When Silas and Timothy arrived from Macedonia, Paul was occupied with proclaiming the word, testifying to the Jews that the Messiah was Jesus.

Acts 18:28

28for he powerfully refuted the Jews in public, showing by the scriptures that the Messiah is Jesus.

John 1:41

41He first found his brother Simon and said to him, “We have found the Messiah” (which is translated Anointed).

John 4:29

29“Come and see a man who told me everything I have ever done! He cannot be the Messiah, can he?”

John 7:26-31

26And here he is, speaking openly, but they say nothing to him! Can it be that the authorities really know that this is the Messiah?27Yet we know where this man ... View more

John 10:24

24So the Jews gathered around him and said to him, “How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Messiah, tell us plainly.”

John 11:27

27She said to him, “Yes, Lord, I believe that you are the Messiah, the Son of God, the one coming into the world.”

John 12:34

34The crowd answered him, “We have heard from the law that the Messiah remains forever. How can you say that the Son of Man must be lifted up? Who is this Son o ... View more

John 20:31

31But these are written so that you may come to believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that through believing you may have life in his name.

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