Nineveh (Nin´uh-vuh)

One of the oldest and greatest cities of Mesopotamia. Nineveh was the capital of Assyria at its height, from the time of Sennacherib, who assumed the throne in 705, to its fall in 612 BCE. The city was located on the east bank of the Tigris River opposite Mosul. The earliest biblical mention of Nineveh is in the Table of Nations (Gen 10:11), which claims Nimrod as the city’s founder. Parallel passages in (2Kgs 19:36 and Isa 37:37 mention Nineveh in conjunction with the assassination of Sennacherib by his two sons. The end of Nineveh is proclaimed by two biblical prophets, Zephaniah and Nahum. The book of Jonah, however, presents the people of Nineveh as unusually responsive to the message of God’s prophet. According to the NT, these Ninevites will arise at the last judgment to condemn the unrepentant generation of Jesus (Matt 12:41; Luke 11:30-32).

Gen 10:11

11From that land he went into Assyria, and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-ir, Calah, and

2Kgs 19:36

36Then King Sennacherib of Assyria left, went home, and lived at Nineveh.

Isa 37:37

37Then King Sennacherib of Assyria left, went home, and lived at Nineveh.

Matt 12:41

41The people of Nineveh will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at the proclamation of Jonah, and see, something ... View more

Luke 11:30-32

30For just as Jonah became a sign to the people of Nineveh, so the Son of Man will be to this generation.31The queen of the South will rise at the judgment with ... View more

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.