A statement by which people give assurance that they have spoken the truth or by which they obligate themselves to perform certain actions. God is usually invoked as guarantor of the oath, with the expectation that a broken or false oath will be punished by God. Swearing by God’s name was most solemn (Matt 26:63), but people also swore by holy things (Matt 5:36; Matt 23:16-22) and by raising their right hand (Rev 10:5-6). Covenant ceremonies demanded the swearing of oaths (Gen 26:28). Jesus, however, taught that one should not swear oaths (Matt 5:34; Jas 5:12).

Matt 26:63

63But Jesus was silent. Then the high priest said to him, “I put you under oath before the living God, tell us if you are the Messiah, the Son of God.”

Matt 5:36

36And do not swear by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black.

Matt 23:16-22

16“Woe to you, blind guides, who say, ‘Whoever swears by the sanctuary is bound by nothing, but whoever swears by the gold of the sanctuary is bound by the oath ... View more

Rev 10:5-6

5Then the angel whom I saw standing on the sea and the land
raised his right hand to heaven6and swore by him who lives forever and ever,
who created heaven and ... View more

Gen 26:28

28They said, “We see plainly that the Lord has been with you; so we say, let there be an oath between you and us, and let us make a covenant with you

Matt 5:34

34But I say to you, Do not swear at all, either by heaven, for it is the throne of God,

Jas 5:12

12Above all, my beloved, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or by any other oath, but let your “Yes” be yes and your “No” be no, so that you may not fal ... View more

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