Passover (Pas´oh-vuhr)

The, a religious festival commemorating God’s deliverance of the Jews from bondage in Egypt. The English term translates the Hebrew word pesach as used in (Exod 12:13), “I will pass over you, and no plague shall destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt” (see also vv. 23, 27). In (Exod 12:1-13:16), directions are given for an observation that will serve as a memorial to the exodus. (Num 9:1-14) records how the Passover sacrifice and its attendant rites were kept in the wilderness of Sinai. After entering Canaan in the days of Joshua (Josh 5:10-12), at Gilgal on the plains of Jericho the Israelites performed the Passover sacrifice. Later, in the midst of a description of Joshua’s Passover, (2Kgs 23:22 and 2Chr 35:18) allude to an exemplary Passover of earlier times. Also in (2Chr 30:1-27, a Passover is kept by royal decree in the days of Hezekiah. Yet another reference is to the days of Josiah (639–609 BCE, 2Kgs 23:21-23; 2Chr 35:1-19). In the eighteenth year of Josiah’s reign, as part of his reforms based upon the newly found book of the covenant (2Kgs 23:21; 2Kgs 22:8; 2Kgs 22:11; 2Kgs 23:2-3), he decreed the observance of the Passover in Jerusalem. And, finally, (Ezra 6:19-22) reports that after the dedication of the rebuilt Temple, the returned exiles from Babylon observed the Passover. According to the NT, the nascent Christian community celebrated a thanksgiving (Gk. eucharistia) festival commemorating the Passover Jesus shared with his disciples the night before his crucifixion (1Cor 11:23-26) and the saving effects of that death and subsequent resurrection (Matt 26:17; Matt 26-28:17).

Exod 12:13

13The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you live: when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague shall destroy you when I strike the ... View more

Exod 12:1-13:16

The First Passover Instituted
1The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt:2This month shall mark for you the beginning of months; it shall be the fir ... View more

Num 9:1-14

The Passover at Sinai
1The Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, s ... View more

Josh 5:10-12

The Passover at Gilgal
10While the Israelites were camped in Gilgal they kept the passover in the evening on the fourteenth day of the month in the plains of Je ... View more

2Kgs 23:22

22No such passover had been kept since the days of the judges who judged Israel, or during all the days of the kings of Israel or of the kings of Judah;

2Chr 35:18

18No passover like it had been kept in Israel since the days of the prophet Samuel; none of the kings of Israel had kept such a passover as was kept by Josiah, ... View more

2Chr 30:1-27

The Great Passover
1Hezekiah sent word to all Israel and Judah, and wrote letters also to Ephraim and Manasseh, that they should come to the house of the Lord a ... View more

2Kgs 23:21-23

The Passover Celebrated
21The king commanded all the people, “Keep the passover to the Lord your God as prescribed in this book of the covenant.”22No such passo ... View more

2Chr 35:1-19

Celebration of the Passover
1Josiah kept a passover to the Lord in Jerusalem; they slaughtered the passover lamb on the fourteenth day of the first month.2He ap ... View more

2Kgs 23:21

The Passover Celebrated
21The king commanded all the people, “Keep the passover to the Lord your God as prescribed in this book of the covenant.”

2Kgs 22:8

8The high priest Hilkiah said to Shaphan the secretary, “I have found the book of the law in the house of the Lord.” When Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan, he r ... View more

2Kgs 22:11

11When the king heard the words of the book of the law, he tore his clothes.

2Kgs 23:2-3

2The king went up to the house of the Lord, and with him went all the people of Judah, all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the priests, the prophets, and all the ... View more

Ezra 6:19-22

The Passover Celebrated
19On the fourteenth day of the first month the returned exiles kept the passover.20For both the priests and the Levites had purified the ... View more

1Cor 11:23-26

The Institution of the Lord's Supper
23For I received from the Lord what I also handed on to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took a l ... View more

Matt 26:17

The Passover with the Disciples
17On the first day of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Where do you want us to make the preparations for y ... View more

Matt 26-28:17

The Plot to Kill Jesus
1When Jesus had finished saying all these things, he said to his disciples,2“You know that after two days the Passover is coming, and the ... View more

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