Pentecost (Pen´ti-kost; from Gk., “fiftieth”)

A religious observance that has roots in the OT and continues to be observed in both Judaism and Christianity. In the Hebrew OT, the customary name for the observance is the Festival of Weeks. It is regarded as the second of three obligatory observances, coming between Passover and Tabernacles (Exod 23:14-17; Exod 34:18-24; Deut 16:16; 2Chr 8:13). In (Exod 34:22), the Festival of Weeks is further defined as “the first fruits of wheat harvest.” Thus, it was originally an agricultural festival, an occasion on which the community was expected to show gratitude to God for the first fruits of the harvest. In the NT, the book of Acts reports that the first Pentecost after the death and resurrection of Jesus was the occasion when the apostles and other believers in Jerusalem were filled with God’s Holy Spirit (Acts 2:1-42). The apostle Peter then interpreted the event as a fulfillment of the prophecy of (Joel 2:8-32). As a result, about three thousand persons were added to the group of believers.

Exod 23:14-17

The Annual Festivals
14Three times in the year you shall hold a festival for me.15You shall observe the festival of unleavened bread; as I commanded you, you sh ... View more

Exod 34:18-24

18You shall keep the festival of unleavened bread. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in the month of Abib; fo ... View more

Deut 16:16

16Three times a year all your males shall appear before the Lord your God at the place that he will choose: at the festival of unleavened bread, at the festival ... View more

2Chr 8:13

13as the duty of each day required, offering according to the commandment of Moses for the sabbaths, the new moons, and the three annual festivals—the festival ... View more

Exod 34:22

22You shall observe the festival of weeks, the first fruits of wheat harvest, and the festival of ingathering at the turn of the year.

Acts 2:1-42

The Coming of the Holy Spirit
1When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place.2And suddenly from heaven there came a sound like the rus ... View more

Joel 2:8-32

8They do not jostle one another,
each keeps to its own track;
they burst through the weapons
and are not halted.9They leap upon the city,
they run upon the wall ... View more

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