Peter (Pee´tuhr)

A Galilean and one of the twelve disciples of Jesus. The Gospels indicate that he was a resident of Capernaum and a fisherman by trade. His name was Simon, but Jesus gave him the symbolic name “Peter,” or “Rock” (Matt 10:2; Matt 6:14; Mark 3:16). Peter’s name always occurs first in lists of Jesus’s twelve disciples (Matt 10:2; Mark 3:16; Luke 6:16), and he often seems to serve as a spokesman for the group as a whole (Matt 10:28). He was privileged to be a part of certain events to which only a limited number of disciples were invited (Mark 5:37; Mark 9:2; Mark 14:33). Peter is also credited with being the first of the disciples to confess Jesus to be the Christ (Matt 16:13-16; Mark 8:27-29; Luke 9:18-20); Matthew’s Gospel indicates that in response to that confession Jesus promised to give Peter the keys to the kingdom of heaven and identified him as the rock on which his church would be built (Matt 16:17-19). But Peter is also remembered as the disciple to whom Jesus said, “Get behind me, Satan” (Matt 16:21-23; Mark 8:31-33) and as the disciple who denied Jesus three times (Matt 26:69-75; Mark 14:29-31; Luke 22:56-62; John 18:25-27). The book of Acts includes numerous stories about Peter’s leadership in the early church (Acts 1-5; Acts 8:14-25; Acts 9:32-11:18; Acts 12:1-19). He is also mentioned as a missionary and pillar of the church in Paul’s letters (1Cor 9:5; Gal 2:9). The NT letters of 1 Peter and 2 Peter are ascribed to him.

Matt 10:2

2These are the names of the twelve apostles: first, Simon, also known as Peter, and his brother Andrew; James son of Zebedee, and his brother John;

Matt 6:14

14For if you forgive others their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you;

Mark 3:16

16So he appointed the twelve: Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter);

Matt 10:2

2These are the names of the twelve apostles: first, Simon, also known as Peter, and his brother Andrew; James son of Zebedee, and his brother John;

Mark 3:16

16So he appointed the twelve: Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter);

Luke 6:16

16and Judas son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor.

Matt 10:28

28Do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul; rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell.

Mark 5:37

37He allowed no one to follow him except Peter, James, and John, the brother of James.

Mark 9:2

The Transfiguration
2Six days later, Jesus took with him Peter and James and John, and led them up a high mountain apart, by themselves. And he was transfigured ... View more

Mark 14:33

33He took with him Peter and James and John, and began to be distressed and agitated.

Matt 16:13-16

Peter's Declaration about Jesus
13Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is? ... View more

Mark 8:27-29

Peter's Declaration about Jesus
27Jesus went on with his disciples to the villages of Caesarea Philippi; and on the way he asked his disciples, “Who do people s ... View more

Luke 9:18-20

Peter's Declaration about Jesus
18Once when Jesus was praying alone, with only the disciples near him, he asked them, “Who do the crowds say that I am?”19They a ... View more

Matt 16:17-19

17And Jesus answered him, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father in heaven.18And I tell you, you ... View more

Matt 16:21-23

Jesus Foretells His Death and Resurrection
21From that time on, Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and undergo great suffering at th ... View more

Mark 8:31-33

Jesus Foretells His Death and Resurrection
31Then he began to teach them that the Son of Man must undergo great suffering, and be rejected by the elders, the ch ... View more

Matt 26:69-75

Peter's Denial of Jesus
69Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard. A servant-girl came to him and said, “You also were with Jesus the Galilean.”70But he ... View more

Mark 14:29-31

29Peter said to him, “Even though all become deserters, I will not.”30Jesus said to him, “Truly I tell you, this day, this very night, before the cock crows twi ... View more

Luke 22:56-62

56Then a servant-girl, seeing him in the firelight, stared at him and said, “This man also was with him.”57But he denied it, saying, “Woman, I do not know him.” ... View more

John 18:25-27

Peter Denies Jesus Again
25Now Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. They asked him, “You are not also one of his disciples, are you?” He denied it and ... View more

Acts 1-5

The Promise of the Holy Spirit
1In the first book, Theophilus, I wrote about all that Jesus did and taught from the beginning2until the day when he was taken up ... View more

Acts 8:14-25

14Now when the apostles at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had accepted the word of God, they sent Peter and John to them.15The two went down and prayed for them t ... View more

Acts 9:32-11:18

The Healing of Aeneas
32Now as Peter went here and there among all the believers, he came down also to the saints living in Lydda.33There he found a man named A ... View more

Acts 12:1-19

James Killed and Peter Imprisoned
1About that time King Herod laid violent hands upon some who belonged to the church.2He had James, the brother of John, killed ... View more

1Cor 9:5

5Do we not have the right to be accompanied by a believing wife, as do the other apostles and the brothers of the Lord and Cephas?

Gal 2:9

9and when James and Cephas and John, who were acknowledged pillars, recognized the grace that had been given to me, they gave to Barnabas and me the right hand ... View more

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