Phoenicia (Fi-nish´uh)

The name given to a strip of the coastal Levant during the first millennium BCE. The heartland of Phoenician city-states was the coastal area from Acco in the south to Arvad in the north, which in the main constitutes modern Lebanon. The most important cities and sites are the island-city Tyre, with its mainland counterpart Ushu (Old Tyre), and Sidon and its neighbors, Zaraphath, Arvad, the ancient port of Byblos, and Beirut. In the tenth century BCE Phoenician craftsmen were sent to Israel to assist Solomon in the construction of the Temple at Jerusalem. In return Solomon sent grain and olive oil to Hiram, king of Tyre, and even Galilean territory was given to him (1Kgs 5). In the ninth century BCE Tyre strengthened its influence over the Northern Kingdom (Israel). During the Assyrian period, Ashurbanipal (668–627 BCE) laid siege to Tyre, and Nebuchadnezzar besieged it for thirteen years (586–573 BCE; Ezek 26:1-28:19). Sidon reemerged as the dominant city of Phoenicia in the Persian period (539–333 BCE). In the NT, Jesus journeyed into this region (Mark 7:24; cf. v. 26), and the area was visited by various Christian missionaries (Acts 11:19; Acts 15:3; Acts 21:2).

1Kgs 5

Preparations and Materials for the Temple
1 Now King Hiram of Tyre sent his servants to Solomon, when he heard that they had anointed him king in place of his f ... View more

Ezek 26:1-28:19

Proclamation against Tyre
1In the eleventh year, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me:2Mortal, because Tyre said concerning Jerusalem, ... View more

Mark 7:24

The Syrophoenician Woman's Faith
24From there he set out and went away to the region of Tyre. He entered a house and did not want anyone to know he was there. Y ... View more

Acts 11:19

The Church in Antioch
19Now those who were scattered because of the persecution that took place over Stephen traveled as far as Phoenicia, Cyprus, and Antioch, ... View more

Acts 15:3

3So they were sent on their way by the church, and as they passed through both Phoenicia and Samaria, they reported the conversion of the Gentiles, and brought ... View more

Acts 21:2

2When we found a ship bound for Phoenicia, we went on board and set sail.

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